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fortitudo

Γηράσκω δ᾽ αἰεὶ πολλὰ διδασκόμενος -> I grow old always learning many things
Solon the Athenian

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

fortĭtūdo: ĭnis, f. fortis,
I strength.
I Physically (very rare).
   A In gen.: haec feminalia de bysso retorta ob fortitudinem solent contexi, firmness, durability, Hier. Ep. 64, 10: galeae, Jul. Val. Rer. Gest. Al. 2, 25; cf. vini, Macr. S. 7, 6, 17.—
   B Bodily strength in men and animals: hircorum, Phaedr. 4, 16, 6: corporis, Macr. S. 7, 9, 5: nervorum, id. ib. 7, 11, 8.—Absol. (opp. imbecillitas), Lact. 2, 2, 28; 2, 2, 67. —Far more freq. and class.,
II Mentally, firmness, manliness shown in enduring or undertaking hardship; fortitude, resolution, bravery, courage, intrepidity (cf. virtus): fortitudo est considerata periculorum susceptio et laborum perpessio, Cic. Inv. 2, 54, 163: fortitudo est, inquit (Chrysippus), scientia rerum perferendarum vel affectio animi in patiendo ac perferendo summae legi parens sine timore, id. Tusc. 4, 24, 53; cf.: fortitudo est animi affectio, cum in adeundo periculo et in labore ac dolore patiens, tum procul ab omni metu, id. ib. 5, 14, 41: quae (fortitudo) est dolorum laborumque contemptio ... Fortitudinem quoque aliquo modo expediunt, cum tradunt rationem neglegendae mortis, perpetiendi doloris, id. Off. 3, 33, 117: fortitudo est rerum magnarum appetitio et rerum humilium contemptio et laboris cum utilitatis ratione perpessio, Auct. Her. 3, 2, 3; cf. ib. 4, 25, 35: probe definitur a Stoicis fortitudo, cum eam virtutem esse dicunt propugnantem pro aequitate, Cic. Off. 1, 19, 62 sq.: magnitudinis animi et fortitudinis est, nihil extimescere, omnia humana despicere, nihil quod homini accidere possit intolerandum putare, id. ib. 3, 27, 100: unde in laboribus et periculis fortitudo? id. Rep. 1, 2: illae sunt solae virtutes imperatoriae, labor in negotiis, fortitudo in periculis, industria in agendo, etc., id. de Imp. Pomp. 11, 29: hoc sentire prudentiae est: facere fortitudinis, id. Sest. 40, 86: pro multitudine hominum et pro gloria belli atque fortitudinis, angustos se fines habere arbitrabantur (Helvetii), * Caes. B. G. 1, 2 fin.: fortitudinem Gallorum Germanorumque miramur, Quint. 8, 4, 20: malarum rerum audacia fortitudo vocatur, Sall. C. 52, 11.—In plur.: sunt igitur domesticae fortitudines non inferiores militaribus, proofs of valor, i. e. valiant decds, Cic. Off. 1, 2 fin.; Vitr. 10, 22.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

fortĭtūdō,⁹ ĭnis, f. (fortis), force [physique] : Macr. Sat. 7, 9, 5 || solidité [d’un tissu] : Hier. Ep. 64, 10 || [moral] courage, bravoure, vaillance, intrépidité, énergie : Cic. Tusc. 4, 53 ; Off. 1, 62 ; domesticæ fortitudines Cic. Off. 1, 78, traits de courage civil.

Latin > German (Georges)

fortitūdo, inis, f. (fortis), I) die phys. Tüchtigkeit, Dauerhaftigkeit, Haltbarkeit, Stärke, a) übh., Hieron. epist. 64, 10: galeae, Iul. Val. 2, 25 (9): vini, Macr. sat. 7, 6, 17: vinalis, ibid. 7, 7, 19 sq. – b) die körperl. leb. Wesen: corporis, Macr. sat. 7, 9, 5: nervorum, ibid. 7, 11, 8: absol., Ggstz. imbecillitas, Lact. 2, 8, 28 u. 67. – II) übtr., die Tüchtigkeit, Energie, Unerschrockenheit, Tapferkeit (Ggstz. timor, ignavia), Cic. u.a.: adversus alqm, tapferer Widerstand, Vell.: Plur. fortitudines = (einzelne) Beweise od. Taten der Tapferkeit, Cic. de off. 1, 78. Vitr. 10, 16 (22), 1: od. Beweise von Tüchtigkeit, fortitudines angelicae potestatis, Hieron. epist. 51, 5.

Latin > English

fortitudo fortitudinis N F :: strength, courage, valor; firmness