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stabilis

κόσμος σκηνή, ὁ βίος πάροδος· ἦλθες, εἶδες, ἀπῆλθες -> The world is a stage, life is a performance, you came, you saw, you departed
Democritus, fr. 115 D-K

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

stăbĭlis: e, adj. sto, prop. where one can stand; hence, pregn.,
I that stands firm; firm, steadfast, steady, stable (class.; esp. in the trop. sense; syn.: firmus, constans).
I Lit.: via plana et stabilis (opp. praeceps et lubrica), Cic. Fl. 42, 105: locus ad insistendum, Liv. 44, 5, 10: solum, id. 44, 9, 7: stabulum, Plaut. Aul. 2, 2, 56: domus, id. Merc. 3, 4, 68: medio sedet insula ponto, Ov. F. 4, 303: per stabilem ratem tamquam viam, Liv. 21, 28, 8: elephanti pondere ipso stabiles, id. 21, 28, 12: stabilior Romanus erat, was more firm, stood his ground better, id. 44, 35, 19; cf.: stabili gradu impetum hostium excipere, id. 6, 12, 8; Tac. H. 2, 35; cf.: Romani stabili pugnae assueti, Liv. 28, 2, 7: pugna, id. 31, 35, 6: acies, id. 30, 11, 9: proelium, Tac. A. 2, 21: quae domus tam stabilis, quae tam firma civitas est, quae? etc., Cic. Lael. 7, 23: stabilis pulsus, a steady pulse, Plin. 11, 37, 89, § 219: venae aquarum, steadily flowing, id. 30, 3, 28, § 48.—
II Trop., firm, enduring, durable, stable; immutable, unwavering; steadfast, intrepid (syn.: firmus, constans, certus): fundamentum, Lucr. 5, 1121: amici firmi et stabiles et constantes, Cic. Lael. 17, 62: stabilem se in amicitiā praestare, id. ib. 17, 64: stabile et fixum et permanens bonum, id. Tusc. 5, 14, 40: decretum stabile, fixum, ratum, id. Ac. 2, 9, 27: stabilis certaque sententia (opp. errans et vaga), id. N. D. 2, 1, 2: urbs sedem stabilem non habebit, id. Marcell. 9, 29: matrimonium stabile et certum, id. Phil. 2, 18, 44: stabilis et certa possessio, id. Lael. 15, 55: praecepta firma, stabilia, id. Off. 1, 2, 6: opinio, id. N. D. 2, 2, 5: oratio stabilis ac non mutata, id. Mil. 34, 92: nihil est tam ad diuturnitatem memoriae stabile quam, etc., id. de Or. 1, 28, 129: animus stabilis amicis, id. Inv. 1, 30, 47: virtus, Quae maneat stabili cum fugit illa (Fortuna) pede, Ov. Tr. 5, 14, 30.—Of springs: aquae certae, stabilesque et salubres, unfailing, perennial, Plin. 31, 3, 28, § 48: eam (summam voluptatem) tum adesse, cum dolor omnis absit: eam stabilem appellas (opp. in motu), i. e. a fixed state or condition, Cic. Fin. 2, 23, 75.—Of feet, syllables, etc., in verse: spondei, Hor. A. P. 256; so, pedes, dochmius, syllabae, etc., Quint. 9, 4, 97 sq.: stabilia probant, i. e. consisting of such feet, etc., id. 9, 4, 116.—Comp.: imperium stabilius, Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 41.—Sup.: quaestus stabilissimus, Cato, R. R. praef. fin.—*
   b Stabile est, with subject - clause, like certum est, it is settled, it is decided: profecto stabile'st, me patri aurum reddere, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 4, 25.—Hence, adv.: stăbĭlĭter (acc. to I.), firmly, durably, permanently (very rare): includatur tympanum, Vitr. 10, 14.—Comp.: fundare molem, Suet. Claud. 20.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

stăbĭlis,¹⁰ e (sto),
1 propre à la station droite, où l’on peut se tenir droit : via plana et stabilis Cic. Fl. 105, route plane et sûre ; locus stabilis Liv. 44, 9, 7, lieu ferme [où l’on peut marcher], cf. Liv. 21, 31, 11 || qui se tient ferme, solide : per stabilem ratem Liv. 21, 28, 8, sur le radeau solide, ferme ; elephanti stabiles pondere ipso Liv. 21, 28, 12, les éléphants maintenus d’aplomb par leur propre poids ; stabili gradu Liv. 6, 12, 8, de pied ferme, en se tenant solidement, cf. Tac. H. 2, 35 ; stabilis pugna Liv. 28, 2, 7, combat de pied ferme ; stabilior Romanus erat Liv. 44, 35, 19, les Romains se tenaient plus solidement sur le terrain
2 [fig.] ferme, solide, inébranlable, durable, etc. : stabilem se in amicitia præstare Cic. Læl. 64, se montrer un ami sûr, solide ; stabilis sententia Cic. Nat. 2, 2, opinion ferme ; oratio stabilis ac non mutata Cic. Mil. 92, un langage ferme et invariable || stabiles aquæ Plin. 31, 48, eaux pérennes || spondei Hor. P. 256, les spondées lourds, cf. Quint. 9, 4, 97, etc. || quæstus stabilissimus Cato Agr. præf. 4, gain le plus assuré || stabile est avec prop. inf. Pl. Bacch. 520, c’est une chose arrêtée que.

Latin > German (Georges)

stabilis, e (sto), fest, feststehend, nicht wankend, I) eig.: via, Cic.: pes, Ov.: insuetus ad stabilem pugnam, ungewohnt, festen Fußes zu fechten, Liv.: equus vel per medios gurgites stabilis, das auch mitten im Strudel fest stand, Liv.: stab. domus, fest, wo man immer wohnt, Plaut. – II) übtr., feststehend, fest, unveränderlich, dauerhaft, standhaft (Ggstz. mobilis, incertus), amicus, Cic.: animus (Ggstz. animus mobilis), Cic.: decretum, Cic.: haec certa stabilisque sententia, Cic.: stabile et fixum bonum, Cic.: sedes, Cic.: aquae, immer fließend, Plin.: radices, Val. Max.: res (Ggstz. res incerta), Sen.: imperium stabilius, Tac.: quaestus stabilissimus, Cato r.r. praef. § 4. – voluptas stabilis, die Lust im Ruhestande = das feste sinnliche Wohlbehagen der Epikureer, das Freisein von allem Schmerz, Ggstz. voluptas, quae in motu est, Cic.: spondei stabiles, weil sich in ihnen Arsis u. Thesis der Form nach im Gleichgewicht halten, Hor.: so auch pedes, Quint. – mit ad u. Akk., nihil est enim tam insigne nec tam ad diuturnitatem memoriae stabile (so auf die Dauer im Gedächtnis festhaltend), quam id, in quo aliquid offenderis, Cic. de or. 1, 129: id stabile ad paenitentiam erit, wird der Reue sichere Stütze sein, Tac. ann. 1, 43 extr. – mit Genet., quod stabilem sui fecerit orbem, Boëth. cons. phil. 3. metr. 2, 38. – stabile est m. folg. Acc. u. Infin., es steht fest, ist fest beschlossen, Plaut. Bacch. 520. – subst., stabilia, ium, n., das Feststehende, Stetige, stabilia (meliora) incertis, Cic. top. 70: stabilia probant, clauda deprendunt, Quint. 9, 4, 116.

Latin > English

stabilis stabilis, stabile ADJ :: stable; steadfast