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lenis

Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

lēnis: e, adj. cf. lentus,
I soft, smooth, mild, gentle, easy, calm.
I Lit.: sensus judicat dulce, amarum: lene, asperum, Cic. Fin. 2, 12, 36; id. N. D. 2, 58, 146: vehemens fricatio spissat, lenis mollit, Plin. 28, 4, 14, § 53: vinum hoc asperum est: aliud lenius, sodes, vide, Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 48: lenibus venenis uti, Cic. Att. 2, 21, 1: lenissimus ventus, id. ib. 7, 2, 1: motus laterum, moderate, gentle, Quint. 11, 3, 92; 161: leni igni sucus coquitur, Plin. 21, 18, 73, § 122.—Of the Nile: postea lenis, Plin. 5, 9, 10, § 54: tormentum, Hor. C. 3, 21, 13: volatus, Ov. M. 12, 527: somnus, Hor. C. 3, 1, 21.—Of heights, gently or gradually rising: clivus, Liv. 6, 24; cf. id. 29, 33.— Comp.: jugum paulo leniore fastigio ab ea parte quae, etc., Caes. B. C. 2, 24; so fastigium, Plin. 16, 36, 64, § 158.—
II Trop., gentle, moderate, mild, lenient, calm.
   A In gen.: servitutem lenem reddere, Plaut. Capt. 2, 1, 5: Ecce me. Opusne (erit tibi) leni? leniorem dices quam mutumst mare, id. Mil. 3, 1, 70: homo lenis et facilis, Cic. Fam. 5, 2, 9: populus Romanus in hostes lenissimus, id. Rosc. Am. 53, 154: lenissima verba, id. Fam. 5, 15, 1: lenissimum ingenium, id. Brut. 56, 204: lenior sententia, Caes. B. C. 1, 2: lene consilium dare, Hor C. 3, 4, 41.—
   (b)    With inf.: non lenis precibus fata recludere Mercurius, Hor. C. 1, 24, 17.—
   B In partic.
   1    Of speech, mild, gentle: oratio placida, submissa, lenis, Cic. de Or. 2, 43, 183: lenis et fluens contextus orationis, Quint. 9, 4, 127: leniores epilogi, id. 6, 1, 50.—
   2    In gram.: spiritus, the spiritus lenis, the smooth or soft breathing (opp. the spiritus asper), Prisc. p. 572 P.— Hence, adv. in two forms.
   A lēne (only poet.), softly, mildly, gently: sectus humum rivo, lene sonantis aquae, Ov. F. 2, 704: clivi lene jacentes, gently rising, Calp. Ecl. 7, 25: lene fluens fons, Nemes. Ecl. 4, 47: lene Notus spirat, Avien. Descript. Orb. 857.—
   B lēnĭter (class.), softly, mildly, gently.
   1    Lit.: leniter arridens, Cic. Rep. 6, 12, 12: leniter atterens Caudam, Hor. C. 2, 19, 30: ventus leniter pluvius, Plin. 18, 34, 77, § 337: leniter ire per excubias custodum, Ov. Am. 1, 6, 7: collis leniter acclivis, gradually or gently rising, Caes. B. G. 7, 19; so, editus collis, Liv. 2, 50.—Comp.: torrens lenius decurrit, Ov. M. 3, 568.—
   2    Trop., quietly, calmly, gently, moderately, leniently.
   a In gen.: tentem leniter an minaciter? Plaut. Stich. 1, 2, 20: petere quippiam ab aliquo dictis bonis, id. Am. prol. 25: ferre aliquid, Ov. H. 5, 7: traducere aevum, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 97: nimis leniter latam suam injuriam ratus, Liv. 29, 9 (al. leviter).—Sup.: lenissime sentire, Cic. Fam. 5, 2, 9.—
   b In partic.
   (a)    Of speech: multa leniter, multa aspere dicta sunt, Cic. Brut. 44, 164: agit versum Roscius quam leniter, quam remisse, quam non actuose, id. de Or. 3, 26, 102.—Comp.: qui jamdiu multo dicis remissius et lenius quam solebas, Cic. de Or. 1, 60, 255.—
   (b)    Moderately, i. e. very little, not at all: hoc leniter laudabitis, Plaut. Poen. 5, 3, 40; 3, 3, 9: leniter qui saeviunt sapiunt magis, id. Bacch. 3, 3, 4.—
   (g)    In a bad sense, remissly, indolently: si cunctetur atque agat lenius, too slowly, Caes. B. C. 1, 1.
lenis: is, m.,
I a kind of vessel, Afran. and Laber. ap. Non. 544, 31.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) lēnĭs,⁹ e,
1 doux [relativement à tous les sens] : Cic. Fin. 2, 36 ; Nat. 2, 146 ; Plin. 28, 53 || [en parl. d’une pente] Cæs. C. 2, 24, 4 ; Liv. 6, 24, etc. || [d’un cours d’eau] Plin. 5, 54 || [du vent] Cic. Att. 7, 2, 1 || [en parl. du style] Cic. de Or. 2, 183 ; Quint. 9, 4, 127
2 modéré, calme : Cic. Fam. 5, 2, 9 ; 5, 15, 1 ; Amer. 154 ; Cæs. C. 1, 2, 2
3 [avec inf.] qui se laisse facilement aller à : Hor. O. 1, 24, 17 || -nior Cic. Off. 1, 46 ; -issimus Cic. Ac. 2, 11.
(2) lēnis, is, m. (ληνός), cuve du pressoir : Afran. et Laber. d. Non. 544, 31.

Latin > German (Georges)

lēnis, e, lind, gelinde, sanft, mild (Ggstz. asper), I) eig.: sensus iudicat lene, asperum, Cic.: vocis genus lene, asperum, Cic.: lenis vox (Ggstz. acer clamor), Cornif. rhet.: vinum, milder, durchs Alter mild gewordener Wein, Hor.: vinum lenius, Ter.: venenum, gelinde, nicht heftig wirkend, Cic.: ventus lenissimus, Cic.: spiritum lenem agere, Tibull.: clivus, allmählich aufwärts steigender, Liv.: so auch fastigium, Caes.: gradus, langsamer Schritt, Liv.: stagnum, sanft fließend, Liv.: motus laterum, mäßige, ruhige, Quint.: leni igni coquere, Plin.: color, milde, Plin. – neutr. lēne adverb., lene sonare, Ov., resonare, Sen.: clivi lene iacentes, sanft sich erhebende, Calp. – II) übtr.: A) im allg., v. Pers. (Ggstz. asper, acer, crudelis), lenis a te et facilis existimari debeo, Cic.: in hostes lenissimus, Cic. – v. Lebl., ingenium lene, lenissimum, Ter. u. Cic.: verba, Cic.: virtutes leniores, Cic.: leniorem sententiam dicere, Caes.: servitutem lenem reddere, Plaut. – poet. m. folg. Infin., non lenis precibus (unerbittlich) fata recludere, Hor. carm. 1, 24, 17. – B) insbes.: 1) v. der Rede, mild, gelinde, oratio placida, submissa, lenis (Ggstz. or. fortis), Cic.: genus lene (Ggstz. genus vehemens), Cic.: leniores epilogi, Quint. – 2) als gramm. t. t.: spiritus lenis, der Spiritus lenis (Ggstz. spiritus asper), Prisc. 2, 12. – / Vulg. Abl. Sing. lene, Gargil. cur. boum 23.

Latin > English

lenis lene, lenior -or -us, lenissimus -a -um ADJ :: gentle, kind, light; smooth, mild, easy, calm