Ask at the forum if you have an Ancient or Modern Greek query!

singularis

Φοβοῦ τὸ γῆρας, οὐ γὰρ ἔρχεται μόνον -> Fear old age, for it never comes alone
Menander

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

singŭlāris: e, adj. singuli.
I Lit.
   A In gen., one by one, one at a time, alone, single, solitary; alone of its kind, singular (class.; syn.: unus, unicus): non singulare nec solivagum genus (sc. homines), i. e. solitary, Cic. Rep. 1, 25, 39: hostes ubi ex litore aliquos singulares ex navi egredientes conspexerant, Caes. B. G. 4, 26: homo, id. ib. 7, 8, 3; so, homo (with privatus, and opp. isti conquisiti coloni), Cic. Agr. 2, 35, 97: singularis mundus atque unigena, id. Univ. 4 med.: praeconium Dei singularis facere, Lact. 4, 4, 8; cf. Cic. Ac. 1, 7, 26: natus, Plin. 28, 10, 42, § 153: herba (opp. fruticosa), id. 27, 9, 55, § 78: singularis ferus, a wild boar (hence, Fr. sanglier), Vulg. Psa. 79, 14: hominem dominandi cupidum aut imperii singularis, sole command, exclusive dominion, Cic. Rep. 1, 33, 50; so, singulare imperium et potestas regia, id. ib. 2, 9, 15: sunt quaedam in te singularia ... quaedam tibi cum multis communia, id. Verr. 2, 3, 88, § 206: singulare beneficium (opp. commune officium civium), id. Fam. 1, 9, 4: odium (opp. communis invidia), id. Sull. 1, 1: quam invisa sit singularis potentia et miseranda vita, Nep. Dion, 9, 5: pugna, Macr. S. 5, 2: si quando quid secreto agere proposuisset, erat illi locus in edito singularis, particular, separate, Suet. Aug. 72.—
   B In partic.
   1    In gram., of or belonging to unity, singular: singularis casus, Varr. L. L. 7, § 33 Müll.; 10, § 54 ib.: numerus, Quint. 1, 5, 42; 1, 6, 25; 8, 3, 20; Gell. 19, 8, 13: nominativus, Quint. 1, 6, 14: genitivus, id. 1, 6, 26 et saep. —Also absol., the singular number: alii dicunt in singulari hac ovi et avi, alii hac ove et ave, Varr. L. L. 8, § 66 Müll.; Quint. 8, 6, 28; 4, 5, 25 al.—
   2    In milit lang., subst.: singŭlāris, is, m.
   a In gen., an orderly man (ordonance), assigned to officers of all kinds and ranks for executing their orders (called apparitor, Lampr. Alex. Sev. 52): SINGVLARIS COS (consulis), Inscr. Orell. 2003; cf. ib. 3529 sq.; 3591; 6771 al.—
   b Esp., under the emperors, equites singulares Augusti, or only equites singulares, a select horse body-guard (selected from barbarous nations, as Bessi, Thraces, Bæti, etc.), Tac. H. 4, 70; Hyg. m. c. §§ 23 and 30; Inscr. Grut. 1041, 12 al.; cf. on the Singulares, Henzen, Sugli Equiti Singolari, Roma, 1850; Becker, Antiq. tom. 3, pass. 2, p. 387 sq.—
   3    In the time of the later emperors, singulares, a kind of imperial clerks, sent into the provinces, Cod. Just. 1, 27, 1, § 8; cf. Lyd. Meg. 3, 7.—
II Trop., singular, unique, matchless, unparalleled, extraordinary, remarkable (syn.: unicus, eximius, praestans; very freq. both in a good and in a bad sense): Aristoteles meo judicio in philosophiā prope singularis, Cic. Ac. 2, 43, 132: Cato, summus et singularis vir, id. Brut. 85, 293: vir ingenii naturā praestans, singularis perfectusque undique, Quint. 12, 1, 25; so, homines ingenio atque animo, Cic. Div. 2, 47, 97: adulescens, Plin. Ep. 7, 24, 2.—Of things: Antonii incredibilis quaedam et prope singularis et divina vis ingenii videtur, Cic. de Or. 1, 38, 172: singularis eximiaque virtus, id. Imp. Pomp. 1, 3; so, singularis et incredibilis virtus, id. Att. 14, 15, 3; cf. id. Fam. 1, 9, 4: integritas atque innocentia singularis, id. Div. in Caecil. 9, 27: Treviri, quorum inter Gallos virtutis opinio est singularis, Caes. B. G. 2, 24: Pompeius gratias tibi agit singulares, Cic. Fam. 13, 41, 1; cf.: mihi gratias egistis singularibus verbis, id. Cat. 4, 3: fides, Nep. Att. 4: singulare omnium saeculorum exemplum, Just. 2, 4, 6.—In a bad sense: nequitia ac turpitudo singularis, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 44, § 106; so, nequitia, id. ib. 2, 2, 54, § 134; id. Fin. 5, 20, 56: impudentia, id. Verr. 2, 2, 7, § 18: audacia (with scelus incredibile), id. Fragm. ap. Quint. 4, 2, 105: singularis et nefaria crudelitas, Caes. B. G. 7, 77.— Hence, adv.: singŭlārĭter (singlā-rĭter, Lucr. 6, 1067).
   1    One by one, singly, separately.
   a In gen. (ante- and post-class.): quae memorare queam inter se singlariter apta, Lucr. l. l. Munro (Lachm. singillariter): a juventā singulariter sedens, apart, separately, Paul. Nol. Carm. 21, 727.—
   b In partic. (acc. to I. B. 1.), in the singular number: quod pluralia singulariter et singularia pluraliter efferuntur, Quint. 1, 5, 16; 1, 7, 18; 9, 3, 20: dici, Gell. 19, 8, 12; Dig. 27, 6, 1 al.—
   2    (Acc. to II.) Particularly, exceedingly: aliquem diligere, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 47, § 117: et miror et diligo, Plin. Ep. 1, 22, 1: amo, id. ib. 4, 15, 1.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) singŭlāris,⁸ e (singuli),
1 unique, seul, isolé, solitaire : homo Cæs. G. 7, 8, 2, homme isolé, marchant isolément, cf. Cæs. G. 4, 26, 2 ; Cic. Agr. 2, 97 ; Rep. 1, 39 ; Ac. 1, 26
2 qui se rapporte à un seul : imperium singulare Cic. Rep. 1, 50, autocratie ; odium Cic. Sulla 1, haine particulière, propre, personnelle || [gramm.] singulier : singularis numerus Quint. 1, 5, 42, etc., le singulier, cf. Varro L. 7, 33 ; 10, 54 ; Quint. 1, 6, 14 ; 1, 6, 26, etc. ; in singulari Varro L. 8, 66 ; Quint. 8, 6, 28, etc., au singulier
3 unique (en son genre), singulier, exceptionnel, extraordinaire, rare : Aristoteles in philosophia prope singularis Cic. Ac. 2, 132, Aristote, philosophe à peu près unique, cf. Cic. Br. 293 ; Div. 2, 97 ; audite singularem ejus cupiditatem Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 99, écoutez un trait inouï de sa cupidité, cf. Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 106 ; Fin. 5, 56 ; eorum inter Gallos virtutis opinio est singularis Cæs. G. 2, 24, 4, leur réputation de courage parmi les Gaulois est sans pareille.
(2) singŭlāris, is, m. pris substt, v. singulares || f., veuve : Commod. Instr. 2, 31, 15.

Latin > German (Georges)

singulāris, e (singuli), zum einzelnen gehörig, I) eig.; A) im allg.: a) aus einem einzelnen bestehend, einzeln, vereinzelt, non est s.nec solivagum genus hoc, Cic.: s. homo, Caes.: s. homoprivatus, Cic.: ubi aliquos singulares ex navi egredi conspexerant, Caes.: hircus, qui s. natus sit, eingeboren (griech. μονογενής), Plin.; vgl. s. hic mundus atque unigena (εις καὶ μονογενώς ουρανος γεγονώς, Plato), einzelne u. eingeschaffene, Cic.: herba s. (Ggstz. fruticosa), Plin.: s. deus, der eingeschaffene, einige, Lact. (s. Bünem. Lact. 1, 4, 8). – b) eines einzelnen, Einzel- (Ggstz. communis), pugna, Einzelkampf, Duell, Macr.: so auch certamen, Eutr.: imperium, potentia, Alleinherrschaft, Cic.: odium (Ggstz. communis invidia), Cic.: beneficium (Ggstz. commune officium civium), Cic.: sunt quaedam in te singularia (dir allein eigene, bei dir allein stattfindende Dinge)... quaedam tibi cum multis communia, Cic. – c) v. Örtl., einzeln = abgesondert, locus, Suet. Aug. 72, 2. – B) insbes.: 1) als gramm. t.t. zur Einzahl-, zum Singular gehörig, res s., ein Singular (Ggstz. multitudo), Varro LL.: casus s., Varro LL.: numerus, Quint.: s. nominativus, genetivus, Quint. – absol. = der Singular, alii dicunt in singulari hāc ovi, alii hāc ove, Varro LL.: nam cum dicovultus hominis‹ pro vultu, dico pluraliter, quod singulare est, Quint.: pleraque, quae ex multitudine cum transeunt in singulare, difficulter efferuntur ore, Varro LL. – 2) singulārēs, ium, m., die Eliten, ein zu Entsendungen gebrauchtes, berittenes Korps, a) im Gefolge des Kaisers, berittene Feldjäger od. Armeegendarmen, ala singularium, Tac. hist. 4, 70 (u. dazu Heräus u. Orelli): cohors singularium, Corp. inscr. Lat. 8, 9058 (vgl. 8, 2825 u. 9055): gew. vollst. equites singulares, Hyg. de munit. castr. § 7 u. 8 a. Corp. inscr. Lat. 6, 3227: so auch praefectus equitum singulariorum (Genet. Plur. von singularius), Corp. inscr. Lat. 11, 1836. – b) in dem Offizium der Präfekten, zu Entsendungen in die Provinzen gebraucht, Cod. Iust. 1, 27, 1. § 8. – 3) singulāris, is, f., die Witwe, Commodian. instr. 2, 31 (30), 15. – II) übtr.: 1) besonder = eine Ausnahme von allgemeinen Rechtsgrundsätzen enthaltend, ius, ICt. – 2) einzig, eigentümlich, charakteristisch in seiner Beschaffenheit, u. dah. ausgezeichnet, vorzüglich, außerordentlich, a) im guten Sinne: Aristoteles meo iudicio in philosophia prope s., Cic.: qui ingenio atque animo singulares, Cic.: Pompei singularis eximiaque virtus, Cic.: fides s., Nep.: quid tam singulare (est) quam ut ex senatus consulto legibus solutus consul ante fieret, quam ullum alium magistratum per leges capere licuisset? Cic. de imp. Pomp. 62. – b) im üblen Sinne, absonderlich, crudelitas, Caes.: nequitia, Cic.

Latin > English

singularis singularis, singulare ADJ :: alone, unique; single, one by one; singular, remarkable