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clemens

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

clēmens: entis (abl. usu. -ti;
I but -te, Liv. 1, 26, 8; Laber. ap. Macr. S. 2, 7, 3), adj. etym. dub.; cf. lemures; and Germ. hold.
I Orig. (in the class. per. very rare), of the quiet, placid, pleasant state of the air, wind, or weather, mild, calm, soft, gentle ( = the class. placidus, quietus): undae clementi flamine pulsae, * Cat. 64, 272: clementior Auster vela vocat, Stat. Th. 5, 468: aura Favoni, Claud. Cons. Prob. Olyb. 272; cf. id. III. Cons. Hon. 165; Val. Fl. 6, 747: clementior dies, Col. 11, 2, 2: clementior Arctos, Sil. 1, 198: clementiores plagae (opp. Septentrio), Pall. Febr. 12, 1.—Hence,
   B Esp.
   1    Of the gentle motion of the sea, rivers, etc., placid, calm, etc.: mare, Gell. 2, 21, 1: Pasitigris clementiore alveo praeterit, etc. (preced. by: praeceps inter saxa devolvitur), Curt. 5, 3, 1: quā sit clementissimus amnis, Ov. M. 9, 116.—
   2    Of places (opp. praeceps), smooth, of a gentle ascent: clivulus, App. M. 4, p. 144.—Far more freq.,
II Trop.
   A Of a calm, unexcited, passionless state of mind, quiet, mild, gentle, tranquil, kind (syn.: placidus, lenis): clementem vocabo non in alieno dolore facilem, sed eum, qui cum suis stimulis exagitetur, non prosilit, etc., Sen. Clem. 1, 20, 3: egit semper vitam... clemens, placidus, Ter. Ad. 5, 1, 10: vita urbana atque otium, id. ib. 1, 1, 17 (cf. with Cic. Rab. Post. 7, 17: vita quieta atque otiosa): ille suam semper egit vitam in otio, in conviviis: clemens, placidus, Ter. Ad. 5, 4, 10; Liv. 38, 17, 17 (cf. the passages under clementia, cited from Flor.): cupio, patres conscripti, me esse clementem: cupio in tantis rei publicae periculis me non dissolutum videri, Cic. Cat. 1, 2, 4: etsi satis clemens sum in disputando, tamen interdum soleo subirasci, id. Fin. 2, 4, 12: (Arimphaeis) ritus clementes, Plin. 6, 13, 14, § 35.—
   2    Transf. to animals. tame, domesticated: clementius genus columbarum (opp. agrestes), Varr. R. R. 3, 7, 2.—
   B Specif.
   1    Mild in respect to the faults and failures of others, i. e. forbearing, indulgent, compassionate, merciful (class.; syn.: mitis, benignus, humanus, lenis, facilis, indulgens; opp.: crudelis, inhumanus, asper al.): clementi (mi) animo ignoscet, Plaut. Mil. 4, 6, 37; Ter. Hec. 3, 5, 22: judices et misericordes, Cic. Planc. 13, 31; cf. * Hor. C. 3, 11, 46; Tac. A. 2, 57: vir et contra audaciam fortissimus et ab innocentiā clementissimus, Cic. Rosc. Am. 30, 85; Nep. Epam. 3, 2: legis interpres, Liv. 1, 26, 8: dominus facilis et clemens, Suet. Aug. 67: justa et clemens servitus, Ter. And. 1, 1, 9: castigatio, Cic. Off. 1, 38, 137: clementior sententia, Liv. 8, 31, 8.—More unusual: rumor, i. e. non nimius, mild, mitigated, πρᾶος (acc. to Prisc. p. 1202 P.), Sall. J. 22, 1.—
   2    Poet. of places: pars (insulae) ratibus clemens, accessible, Claud. B. Gild. 511.—Adv.: clē-menter.
I (Acc. to I. A.) Gently, softly, mildly: non desiit adsidue tremere Campania, clementius quidem, sed ingenti damno, Sen. Q. N. 6, 31, 1: agitant venti oleas, Pall. Nov. 5: spirant clementius Austri, Stat. S. 2, 2, 27.—So of moderate, slow action gen.: Eu. Sequere sis. Ch. Sequor. Eu. Clementer quaeso; calces deteris, Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 111; so id. Stich. 4, 1, 26; id. Ep. 2, 2, 23. —
   B (Acc. to I. B. 2.) By degrees, gradually, gently: clementer et molliter assurgens collis, Col. 2, 2, 1; cf. Tac. A. 13, 38: editum jugum, id. G. 1; Sil. 1, 274; Sen. Oedip. 280: accedere, Tac. A. 12, 33; cf. in comp.: explorare, si quā Appennini juga clementius adirentur, id. H. 3, 52.—
II (Acc. to II. A.) Quietly, placidly, tranquilly, calmly: accipere aliquid clementius aequo, * Lucr. 3, 314: si quid est factum clementer, ut dissolute factum criminer, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 8, § 19: leniter hominem clementerque accepit, id. ib. 2, 4, 40, § 86: ferre aliquid, id. Att. 6, 1, 3: consolationes clementer admotae, Plin. Ep. 5, 16, 11: quo id pacto fieri possit clementissime, Plaut. Mil. 4, 3, 5: leo caudam clementer et blande movet, Gell. 5, 14, 12.—
   B (Acc. to II. B.) With forbearance, mildly, with indulgence: clementer et moderate jus dicere, Caes. B. C. 3, 20: clementer a consule accepti, Liv. 27, 15, 2: clementer ductis militibus, i.e. peacefully, without plundering, id. 29, 2, 1.— Comp.: clementius tractare aliquem, Plin. Ep. 8, 24, 5.—Sup.: clementissime scribere de aliquo, Gell. 1, 18, 3: qui victoriā civili clementissime usus est, Sen. Ira, 2, 23, 4.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

(1) clēmēns,¹¹ entis,
1 doux, clément, bon, indulgent : clementes judices et misericordes Cic. Planc. 31, juges humains et compatissants ; vir et contra audaciam fortissimus et ab innocentia clementissimus Cic. Amer. 85, un homme qui montra la plus grande énergie contre l’audace, mais au regard de l’innocence la plus grande douceur || modéré, calme : clemens in disputando Cic. Fin. 2, 12, modéré dans la discussion || consilium clemens Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 101, résolution humaine ; clementi castigatione uti Cic. Off. 1, 137, réprimander modérément ; clementior sententia Liv. 8, 31, 8, une décision plus clémente
2 [poét., en parl. de l’air, de la température, de la mer, etc.] doux, calme, paisible : clemens flamen Catul. 64, 272, souffle clément, doux zéphyr ; clemens mare Gell. 2, 21, 1, mer calme ; clemens amnis Ov. M. 9, 106, cours d’eau paisible ; clementiore alveo Curt. 5, 3, 2, [le fleuve coule] avec (sur) un lit moins abrupt. abl. usuel clementi ; mais clemente Liv. 1, 26, 8 ; Laber. d. Macr. Sat. 2, 7, 3.

Latin > German (Georges)

clēmēns, entis (viell. zu clināre, alsogeneigt‹), Adi. m. Compar. u. Superl., mild, gelind von Charakter u. Benehmen, I) v. Personen u. persönl. Zuständen, mild, gelind, glimpflich, schonend, gnädig (Ggstz. severus, atrox, saevus, crudelis), a) v. Pers.u. deren Charakter, clemens, placidus, Ter.: cupio me esse clementem, Cic.: c. accolarum ingenia, Liv.: clementes iudices et misericordes, Cic.: c. legis interpres, Liv.: dominus non minus severus quam facilis et clemens, Suet.: clementi animo ignoscere, Plaut.: animo benigno in illam et clementi fui, Ter.: etsi satis clemens sum in disputando, tamen interdum soleo subirasci, Cic.: in caede principum clementior, Cic.: vir contra audaciam audacissimus, ab innocentia clementissimus, Cic. – v. Tieren, zahm, clementius genus columbarum, Varr. r. r. 3, 7, 2. – b) v. Zuständen usw., vita urbana, Ter.: rumor, Sall. – servitus, Ter.: castigatio, Cic.: consilium, Cic.: sententia, Liv. – c) poet. v. Örtl., quae pars (insulae) ratibus clemens, zugänglich, Claud. bell. Gild. 511. – II) übtr.: a) von der Beschaffenheit der Luft u. des Wetters, mild, gelind, flamen, Catull.: aër, Amm.: clementior auster, Stat.: clementior dies, hiems (Ggstz. atrocior), Col.: clementiores plagae, Pallad. – b) v. der kaum merklichen, ruhigen Bewegung des Meeres, der Flüsse, ruhig, still, mare, Gell.: alveus, Curt.: clementissimus amnis, Ov. – u. v. der Bewegung übh., sanft, kaum merklich, nutus, Apul. flor. 2. p. 2, 15 Kr. – c) von Örtl., allmählich aufsteigend (Ggstz. praeceps), clivulus, Apul. met. 4, 5: clementiore alveo, Curt. 5, 3 (10), 2. – / Abl. gew. clementi, aber clemente, Laber. com. 105. Liv. 1, 26, 8.

Latin > English

clemens (gen.), clementis ADJ :: merciful/loving; lenient/mild/gentle; quiet/peaceful, easy, moderate; compliant