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clarus

Τὰ πάντα ῥεῖ καὶ οὐδὲν μένει -> Everything flows and nothing stands still
Heraclitus

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

clārus: a, um, adj. kindr. with Germ. klar; Engl. clear; cf. clamo,
I clear, bright (opp. obscurus, caecus; very freq. in all periods, and in all kinds of composition).
I Lit.
   A Relating to the sight, clear, bright, shining, brilliant, etc.
   (a)    Absol.: luce clarā et candidā, Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 49: ut mulierum famam multorum oculis lux clara custodiat, open day, Cic. Leg. 2, 15, 37; cf.: frequentissimā celebritate et clarissimā luce laetari, id. Cael. 20, 47: lumen, Lucr. 3, 1: oculorum lumina, id. 4, 825; cf.: mundi lumina (i.e. sol et luna), Verg. G. 1, 5: oculi, Cato, R. R. 157, 10: incendia, Verg. A. 2, 569: lucerna, Hor. S. 2, 7, 48: scintillae ignis, Lucr. 6, 163: fulmina, id. 6, 84: vestis splendor, id. 2, 52: color, id. 5, 1258; cf.: color clarissimus, id. 2, 830: candor, id. 4, 232: loca, id. 5, 779 al.: caelum, Tac. A. 1, 28: nox, id. Agr. 12: pater omnipotens clarus intonat, in the clear sky, Verg. A. 7, 141 Serv.; cf. Cic. Arat. 4: sidus, Hor. C. 4, 8, 31: clarissimae gemmae, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 27, § 62; cf. lapides, Hor. C. 4, 13, 14: vitrum, Ov. M. 4, 355: purpurarum sidere clarior usus, Hor. C. 3, 1, 42.—
   (b)    With abl.: speculo, Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 112 dub.: argento clari delphines, Verg. A. 8, 673: rutilis squamis, id. G. 4, 93: ferrugine, id. A. 9, 582; cf. id. ib. 11, 772 Wagn.: auro gemmisque corona, Ov. M. 13, 704; 2, 2; 11, 359: albo Lucifer exit Clarus equo, id. ib. 15, 190: claraeque coruscis Fulguribus taedae, Lucr. 5, 295 al. —*
   2    Poet., of the wind (cf.: albus, candidus, and in Gr. λαμπρὸς ἄνεμος; v. Lidd. and Scott under λαμπρός), making clear, i. e. bringing fair weather: aquilo, Verg. G. 1, 460 Forbig. ad loc.—
   B Relating to the hearing, clear, loud, distinct: clarā voce vocare, Lucr. 4, 711; Cic. Clu. 48, 134; id. Caecin. 8, 22; Liv. 7, 31, 12; 42, 25, 12; Ov. M. 3, 703: lectio, Cels. 1, 2: clariore voce, Caes. B. G. 5, 30; cf. Cic. Tusc. 5, 7, 19: sonor, Lucr. 4, 567: clamor, Plaut. Poen. 5, 3, 27: plausus, id. As. Grex. 6: plangor, Ov. M. 4, 138: latratus, id. ib. 13, 806: ictus, id. ib. 2, 625: strepitus, Suet. Vit. Luc.: vox (opp. obtusa), Quint. 11, 3, 15; 9, 4, 136 Spald.: spiritus, id. 11, 3, 55; cf. id. 11, 3, 41 and 82: syllabae clariores, id. 8, 3, 16.—
II Trop.
   A Clear, manifest, plain, evident, intelligible (syn.: planus, apertus, perspicuus, dilucidus, etc.): vide ut mi haec certa et clara attuleris, Ter. Hec. 5, 4, 1 Ruhnk.; cf.: omnia non properanti clara certaque erunt, Liv. 22, 39, 22: clara res est, quam dicturus sum, totā Siciliā celeberrima atque notissima, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 25, § 61; 2, 5, 38, § 101; id. Tusc. 1, 32, 78: luce sunt clariora nobis tua consilia, id. Cat. 1, 3, 6: id quod est luce clarius, id. Tusc. 1, 37, 90: si ea, quae dixi, sole ipso inlustriora et clariora sunt, id. Fin. 1, 21, 71; id. Div. 1, 3, 6: caecis hoc satis clarum est, Quint. 12, 7, 9: lumen eloquentiae, id. 3, 8, 65; cf. id. 12, 10, 15; 11, 1, 75: in narrando (T. Livius) clarissimi candoris, id. 10, 1, 101 Spald. and Frotsch.: Massinissam regem post LXXXVI. annum generasse filium clarum est, Plin. 7, 14, 12, § 61: somno clarius, Ov. F. 3, 28: exempla, Tac. Or. 8; id. A. 4, 11: documenta, id. ib. 6, 22.—
   B Brilliant, celebrated, renowned, illustrious, honorable, famous, glorious, etc. (cf.: illustris, insignis, eximius, egregius, praestans, nobilis; a favorite epithet, esp. in the sup., like fortissimus, designating the highest praise of the honor-loving Roman; hence, a standing title, at all times, of distinguished public characters, as consuls, proconsuls, pontifices, senators, etc.): nobilitas, Plaut. Rud. 4, 2, 28; opp. to obscurus, Lucr. 1, 639; so Quint. 5, 10, 26: clari viri atque magni, Cato ap. Cic. Planc. 27, 66; Cic. Sest. 69, 144: certe non tulit ullos haec civitas aut gloriā clariores, aut auctoritate graviores, Cic. de Or. 2, 37, 154: vir fortissimus et clarissimus, id. Verr. 1, 15, 44; cf. id. ib. 2, 5, 58, § 153; id. de Or. 1, 45, 198; id. Clu. 48, 134: exempla clara et inlustria, id. Div. 2, 3, 8: pugna clara et commemorabilis, Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 111: pax clarior majorque quam bellum fuerat, Liv. 10, 37, 4: animus abunde pollens potensque et clarus, Sall. J. 1, 3; so, facundia clara pollensque, id. ib. 30, 4: clara et magnifica, id. ib. 4, 8: clari potentesque fieri, id. C. 38, 1: familia, Tac. A. 2, 37; 3, 76: majores, id. ib. 4, 61: pater si in Equestri gradu clarus, clarior vitricus, Plin. Ep. 2, 13, 4: clarissimi consules, id. ib. 7, 33, 8: generis clarissimus auctor, Ov. P. 2, 9, 19: clarissima civitas, Nep. Thras. 2, 1: apud Germanicos quoque (Titus), Tac. H. 2, 77: scriptores, id. A. 1, 1.—
   (b)    With abl.: clariores gloriā, Cic. de Or. 2, 37, 154;
v. supra: arte medicinae, Quint. 3, 6, 64: eloquendi suavitate, id. 10, 1, 83: sententiis, id. 10, 1, 90: Juppiter giganteo triumpho, Hor. C. 3, 1, 7: agendis causis, id. Ep. 1, 7, 47: Ajax toties servatis Achivis, id. S. 2, 3, 194: bello, Tac. Agr. 29; id. H. 3, 44: gens memoriā nominis, id. ib. 1, 67: Cluvius Rufus eloquentiā, id. ib. 4, 43.—
   (g)    With in: in arte tibiarum, Quint. 2, 3, 3; cf.: clarissimi in eā scientiā, Plin. 36, 5, 4, § 11: in litteris, Quint. 1, 6, 35: in agendo, id. 12, 10, 49: in foro, id. 10, 5, 14: in contionibus, id. 12, 2, 7; 12, 10, 49.—*
   (d)    With ex: ex doctrinā nobilis et clarus, Cic. Rab. Post. 9, 23.—(ε) With ob: ob obscuram linguam, Lucr. 1, 639: ob id factum, Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 32; cf.: urbs clara ob insignem munimento naturali locum, Liv. 24, 39, 8.—(ζ) With ab: Trojanoque a sanguine clarus Acestes, Verg. A. 1, 550.—(η) With gen.: artis ejus, Plin. 37, 1, 4, § 8.—
   2    As a title: clarissimus vir, Cic. Att. 15, 20, 2; cf. id. ib. 14, 11, 1: clarissimi consules, Plin. Ep. 7, 33, 8; cf. Dig. 49, 14, 18; Lampr. Elag. 4; Alex. Sev. 21 al.: permitto tibi vir clarissime Veiento (a senator), dicere, Plin. Ep. 9, 13, 19; so, ordo = senatorius, Vop. Aur. 18 fin.; cf. also Isid. Orig. 9, 4, 12.—
   b Meton., of the wives of such distinguished public characters: clarissimae feminae, Dig. 1, 9, 8.—
   c In a bad sense, notorious: minus clarum putavit fore quod de armario quam quod de sacrario esset ablatum, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 12, § 27; 2, 1, 19, § 50; 2, 4, 12, § 29: ecquid hoc totā Siciliā clarius, ecquid indignius? etc., id. ib. 2, 5, 7, § 16: populus (sc. Campanus), luxuriā superbiāque clarus, Liv. 7, 31, 6.—Hence, adv.: clārē (freq. and class.).
I Lit.
   1    Of sight (acc. to I. A.), brightly, clearly: clare oculis video, Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 35: clare fulgens caesaries, Cat. 66, 9: occidere, of a star, Col. 11, 2, 52.—Comp.: clarius micare, Plin. 10, 20, 22, § 43: nitere, Stat. S. 4, 1, 4. —Sup.: clarissime lucere, Vitr. 9, 4.—
   2    Of hearing (acc. to I. B.), clearly, distinctly, plainly, aloud: clare recitare, Plaut. Pers. 4, 3, 30: plaudite, id. Am. fin.; cf. id. Bacch. fin.: dic, Ter. And. 4, 4, 15 Ruhnk.: gemere, Cic. Att. 2, 20, 3: res clare enuntiare, Quint. 8, 3, 62: sonare, id. 11, 3, 55: exscreare, id. 11, 3, 160: maledicere, Suet. Vit. 14 et saep.: palam et clare, id. Claud. 3; cf. Mart. 7, 92, 5.—Comp.: clarius fabulari, Suet. Calig. 22.—Sup.: pisces clarissime audiunt, Plin. 10, 70, 89, § 193; Vitr. 5, 3.—
II Trop.
   1    Mentally (acc. to II. A.), distinctly, intelligibly, clearly: clare atque evidenter ostendere, Quint. 8, 3, 86; cf. id. 4, 1, 1: aliquid intellegere, Plin. 37, 2, 6, § 16. —Comp.: eo clarius id periculum apparet, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 14, 2; so, clarius intellegi, Quint. 2, 5, 7: clarius elucebit, id. 12, 1, 26: clarius ostendemus, id. 2, 17, 25 al.— Sup., Quint. 9, 1, 19.—
   2    Morally (acc. to II. B.), illustriously, honorably (very rare): clarius exsplendescebat, Nep. Att. 1, 3.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) clārus,⁶ a, um,
1 clair, brillant, éclatant : in clarissima luce Cic. Off. 2, 44, au milieu de la plus éclatante lumière ; clarissimæ gemmæ Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 62, pierres précieuses du plus vif éclat || [poét.] : clarus Aquilo Virg. G. 1, 460, le clair Aquilon = qui rend le ciel clair || [avec abl.] : (dant) claram auro gemmisque coronam Ov. M. 13, 704, (ils offrent) une couronne que l’or et les pierreries font étinceler || clara voce Cic. Clu. 134, d’une voix éclatante, sonore ; clariore voce Cæs. G. 5, 30, 1, d’une voix plus éclatante ; clara, obtusa vox Quint. 11, 3, 15, voix claire, sourde [clara, suavis Cic. Off. 1, 133, voix claire, agréable]
2 [fig.] clair, net, intelligible, manifeste : luce sunt clariora nobis tua consilia Cic. Cat. 1, 6, tes projets sont pour nous plus clairs que le jour ; res erat clara Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 101, le fait était patent ; non parum res erat clara Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 29, la chose était assez connue, cf. 4, 27 ; 4, 41, etc. || clarum est avec prop. inf. Plin. 7, 61, c’est un fait connu que, on sait que || (T. Livius) in narrando clarissimi candoris Quint. 10, 1, 101, (Tite Live) dont les récits ont une limpidité si transparente
3 brillant, en vue, considéré, distingué, illustre, a) [en parl. des pers.] : clari et honorati viri Cic. CM 22, hommes en vue et revêtus des charges publiques ; ex doctrina nobilis et clarus Cic. Rab. Post. 23, que sa science a fait connaître et illustré ; gloria clariores Cic. de Or. 2, 154, auxquels la gloire a donné plus de lustre ; populus luxuria superbiaque clarus Liv. 7, 31, 6, peuple connu pour son faste et sa fierté || clarissimus artis ejus Plin. 37, 8, le plus brillant de (dans) cet art || clarissimus, clarissime [cf. excellence, altesse, etc.] [titre donné à l’époque impériale aux gens de qualité] ; b) [en parl. des choses] : || dies clarissimus Cic. Læl. 12, la journée la plus brillante ; oppidum clarum Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 86, ville illustre urbs clarissima Cic. Pomp. 20 ]; clarissima victoria Cic. Off. 1, 75, la victoire la plus brillante.

Latin > German (Georges)

clārus, a, um, Adi. m. Compar. u. Superl. (calo, clamo; vgl. clarigo), klar, hell (Ggstz. obscurus, caecus), I) eig.: A) für den Gesichtssinn, hell, glänzend, leuchtend, locus, Cic.: gemma, Cic.: sol, Quint.: vitrum, Ov.: sidere clarior, Hor.: olore clarior, Auson.: stella clarissima, Cic.: luce od. luci claro, s. lux. – poet., aquilo c., hellmachend, aufklärend, Verg. georg. 1, 460. – B) für den Gehörsinn, hell, laut, weithinschallend, clarā voce, Cic. u.a.: clariore voce, Caes.: clara vox (Ggstz. obtusa vox), Quint.: clamor, plausus, Plaut.: plangor, Ov. – II) übtr.: A) geistig klar, deutlich, verständlich, vide ut mi haec certa et clara attuleris, Ter.: ea quae sunt clara ipsa per sese, Cic.: labamus mutamusque sententiam clarioribus etiam in rebus, Cic.: luce clariora, Cic.: Masinissam regem post LXXVI annum generasse filium clarum est, Plin. – B) durch einen Vorzug od. Fehler hervorstechend, 1) durch einen Vorzug (durch Geburt, Geschlecht, Reichtum, Amt, Talent usw.) hervorleuchtend, hervorstechend, angesehen, groß, ausgezeichnet, glänzend u. in diesem Sinne berühmt, a) v. Pers., vir fortissimus et clarissimus, Cic.: clarus gloriā, Cic.: disciplinā clarissimus, Vell.: clarus in philosophia et nobilis, Cic.: clarus in arte tibiarum, Quint.: ex doctrina nobilis et clarus, Cic.: clarus ob id factum, Hor.: clarus Troiano ab sanguine, Verg.: clarissimus artis eius, Plin. – dah. (zur Kaiserzt.) clarissimus, ähnlich unserem Erlaucht, Exzellenz, stehender Titel hoher Staatsbeamten, wie Konsuln, Prokonsuln, Pontifices, Senatoren usw., Plin. ep., ICt. u.a.: u. so clarissimus ordo, ICt. u. Vopisc.: clarissimae feminae, Frauen hoher Staatsbeamten, ICt. – b) v. Lebl.: oppidum, Cic.: mortes, Cic.: clarior pax, Liv.: victoria clarissima, Cic.: urbs clara ob insignem munimento naturali locum, Liv.: clarum ad memoriam imperium, ewig denkwürdige Ausübung der Gewalt, Liv. – 2) im üblen Sinne = bekannt, berüchtigt, non enim parum res erat clara, Cic. Verr. 4, 29: illa oppugnatio fani antiquissimi quam clara apud omnes, Cic. II. Verr. 1, 50: populus luxuriā superbiāque clarus, Liv. 7, 31, 6: Philippus aut Alexander ceterique exitio gentium clari, Sen. nat. qu. 3. praef. § 5.

Latin > English

clarus clara -um, clarior -or -us, clarissimus -a -um ADJ :: clear, bright, gleaming; loud, distinct; evident, plain; illustrious, famous