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traicio

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Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

trāĭcĭo: and transĭcĭo (so always in Cæs.); also trājĭcĭo and transjĭcĭo, jēci, jectum, 3, v. a. and n. trans-iacio,
I to throw across.
I With the person or thing that moves as object, to cause to cross, cause to go across, over, or through.
   A In gen., to throw, hurl, cast, or fling over, to shoot over or across: neque ullum interim telum transiciebatur, Caes. B. C. 3, 19: quae concava trajecto cumba rudente vehat (te), Ov. Am. 3, 6, 4: arreptum vexillum trans vallum hostium trajecit, Liv. 25, 14, 4: cum trans vallum signum trajecisset, id. 41, 4, 2: pontibus transjectis, thrown across, Hirt. B. G. 8, 9: malis antennisque de nave in navem trajectis, Liv. 30, 10, 5: volucrem trajecto in fune columbam suspendit, Verg. A. 5, 488: tela alio, Prop. 2, 12 (3, 3), 18: pecora nunc in hibernos nunc in aestivos saltus, drives over, Just. 8, 5, 7.—Poet.: pedes super acervos, to step over, Prop. 4 (5), 4, 76: membra per ardentes acervos celeri pede, Ov. F. 4, 782.—
   B In partic.
   1    To transfer, cause to go over or across (from one place, etc., to another): est etiam aurigae species Vertumnus et ejus, Traicit alterno qui leve pondus equo, i. e. leaps lightly from horse to horse, Prop. 4 (5), 2, 36: anulum in dextram manum, Petr. 74: quod est levissimum ac summum, ut traiciant in alia vasa, decant, pour over, Varr. R. R. 1, 64, 1: cerussam in cacabum, Scrib. Comp. 45.—
   2    Of soldiers, baggage, etc., to cause to cross (a stream, etc.), to transport, ship across, lead or conduct over, ship over, transfer: dum Brutus traiceret exercitum, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 18, 2: legiones quattuor equitatumque omnem transjecit, Caes. B. C. 1, 40: omnibus ferme suis trans Rhodanum trajectis, Liv. 21, 26, 6: res suas trans Halyn, id. 38, 25, 7: quae ibi legiones essent, eas ... in Siciliam traiceret, id. 23, 31, 4: ut classem in Italiam traiceret, id. 28, 36, 1: pecuniam in provinciam, id. 26, 7, 8; 48, 13, 9: huc legionem postea transicit, Caes. B. C. 1, 54: magnam partem fortunarum eodem trajecit, Nep. Att. 2, 2: eas (sues) si quo traicere vult, in plostrum imponat, Varr. R. R. 2, 4, 11: ut praedatum milites trans flumen per occasiones aliis atque aliis locis traiceret, Liv. 2, 11, 2.— Pass.: Marius trajectus in Africam, Cic. Red. Quir. 8, 20: equitum innumerabilem vim traici Hellesponto in Europam, Liv. 35, 48, 3: classis Punica in Sardiniam trajecta, id. 27, 6, 13: (exercitus) Pado trajectus Cremonam, id. 21, 56, 4; 30, 24, 11: inermes in Boeotiam trajecti, id. 32, 17, 3: in Galliam trajecti forent, Tac. A. 12, 39.—
   (b)    With second acc. of the stream or place crossed: equitum magnam partem flumen transjecit, Caes. B. C. 1, 55: Caesar Germanos flumen traicit, id. ib. 1, 83 fin.: si se Alpes Antonius trajecerit, Cic. Fam. 11, 9, 2: exercitum Rhodanum, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 9, 3: copias Rhodanum, id. ib. 10, 11, 2: quos in Africam secum traiceret, Liv. 29, 22, 12.—
   (g)    With se: ad Achillam sese ex regiā trajecit, Caes. B. C. 3, 112: si quo etiam casu Isaram se trajecerint, Brut. ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 13, 4: ducem Romanum in Africam trajecisse sese in hostilem terram, Liv. 28, 18, 10.—
   (d)    Poet., of the eyes: quocumque oculos trajecimus, i. e. to look, Lucr. 4, 424.—
   3    To pass through, make a way through.
   (a)    Of soldiers: pars magna equitum mediam trajecit aciem, broke through, Liv. 42, 7, 7.—
   (b)    To strike through, stab through, pierce, penetrate, transfix, transpierce: unum ex multitudine, Caes. B. G. 5, 44: aliquem pilis, id. ib. 7, 82: aliquem scorpione, a latere dextro, id. ib. 7, 25: lictorem gladio, Auct. B. Alex. 52: cuspide serpentem, Ov. M. 4, 571: lanceā infestā medium femur, Hirt. B. G. 8, 48: femur tragulā, Caes. B. G. 5, 35: pectus ferro, Liv. 41, 11, 6: cava tempora ferro, Verg. A. 9, 634: harundine linguam, Ov. M. 11, 325: terga sagittā, id. ib. 9, 128: exuentem se ac nudatum gladio trajecit, Just. 3, 1, 8: sagittā sub mammā trajectus, id. 12, 9, 12: aliquid acu, Cels. 7, 8 and 9.—With se, to stab one's self: se uno ictu infra laevam papillam, Suet. Oth. 11.—
   C Trop.
   1    In gen., to transfer, cause to pass: cum ex illius invidiā deonerare aliquid et in te traicere coeperit, Cic. Div. in Caecil. 14, 46: culpam in alium, Quint. 9, 2, 4: arbitrium litis trajecit in omnes, Ov. M. 12, 628.—Mid.: in cor Trajecto lateris capitisque dolore, having thrown itself, Hor. S. 2, 3, 29.—
   2    In partic., in rhet.: verba, to transpose, Cic. Or. 69, 229: verba in clausulas, Quint. 9, 4, 31 Spald.—
II To cross over, pass over, cross.
   A With the place or thing passed over as object: si Hannibal ad portas venisset murumque jaculo trajecisset, Cic. Fin. 4, 9, 22: trajecto amni, Liv. 21, 27, 3: Hiberum, id. 21, 30, 3: occupavit Scipio Padum traicere, id. 21, 39, 10: ratibus Trebiam, id. 21, 56, 8: mare, id. 33, 31, 10: flumen, id. 38, 2, 10; 38, 27, 6: fretum, Sen. Ep. 14, 8: amnem, Curt. 7, 7, 13; 8, 13, 23: utribus amnem, id. 4, 7, 16; 4, 1, 10: Rhenum, Suet. Tib. 18: mare, Sen. Ben. 6, 15, 6: Padum, Tac. H. 2, 22: sinum maris, Vell. 2, 43, 1: flumina nando, Suet. Caes. 57: Tiberim clipeo, Claud. VI. Cons. Hon. 186: Aurora Jam medium aetherio cursu trajecerat axem, Verg. A. 6, 536; cf. pass.: postquam cernant Rhodanum trajectum, Liv. 21, 30, 5: ut transjaci (nemora) ne sagittis quidem possint, Sol. 52, 46.—
   B Absol.: ad Aethaliam insulam trajecit, Liv. 37, 13, 3: ut classe Hasdrubal Aegimurum traiceret, id. 30, 24, 11: ne qua classis ex Africā traiceret, id. 30, 2, 1: sed traicere in Euboeam erat propositum, id. 40, 4, 10: (ei) paranti traicere in Africam nuntiatum est, id. 28, 36, 1; cf.: Romanae naves Samum traicerunt, id. 37, 13, 6: primo quoque tempore in Africam traiciendum, id. 29, 22, 11: ad nos trajecturum illud incendium esse, id. 7, 30, 12; cf. id. 31, 48, 7: piscatoriā scaphā trepidus trajecit, Just. 2, 13, 9: trajecisse veteres Iberos, Tac. Agr. 14. —
   C Trop., to overstep, transgress: traicit et fati litora magnus amor, Prop. 1, 19, 12.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

trăĭcĭō,⁹ v. trajicio.

Latin > German (Georges)

trāicio (trānsicio), iēcī, iectum, ere (trans u. iacio), I) eine Person od. Sache, hinüber-, über etw. usw. hinwerfen, -schießen, -bringen, A) im allg.: telum, Caes.: vexillum trans vallum, Liv.: pedes super acervos, Prop.: pondus (corporis) equo alterno, Prop. – B) insbes.: 1) über od. um etw. hinziehen, -führen, -legen, malos antemnasque de nave in navem, hinüberbiegen, hinüberragen lassen, Liv.: rudentem, von einem Ufer bis zum anderen, Ov.: traiecto in fune columbam suspendit, umschlungen um den Mastbaum, Verg.: pontibus traiectis, hinübergelegt (von einem Turme zum anderen), Hirt. b.G. – 2) durch etw. stecken, durchstecken, perticas, Varro: traiectus per aurem surculus, Plin. – 3) hinübergießen, -schütten, alqd in alia vasa, Varro: in caccabum, Scrib. Larg. – 4) hinüber-, hinbringen, -schaffen, a) übh.: pecora in saltus, Iustin.: membra super acervum levi pede, darüberspringen, Ov.: bildl., aliquid ex illius invidia in te, Cic. – b) über einen Fluß, über einen Berg usw., hinübersetzen, übersetzen, legiones in Siciliam, Liv.: copias trans fluvium, Liv.: Marius traiectus in Africam, übergesetzt, hinübergegangen, Cic.: traiectus in Galliam, Tac.: bildl., dolore traiecto in cor, Hor.: mit Acc. des Ortes, equitum magnam partem flumen, Caes.: Rhodanum copias omnes, Planc. in Cic. ep.: m. Adv., dum istinc copiae traiciantur, Cic. ep. – refl. (mit u. ohne se) = hinüberfahren, übersetzen, überfahren, sese ex regia ad alqm, Caes.: sese in regnum Bogudis, Asin. Poll. in Cic. ep.: sese duabus navibus in Africam, Liv.: u. bl. Cassandriam inde, Liv.: tr. ex Hispania in Mauritaniam, Liv.: in Africam, Liv.: tr. huc hibernis iam mensibus, Suet.: ne classis ex Africa traiceret, Liv.: nando tr., hinüberschwimmen, Liv. u. Suet. – m. Acc. des Ortes, über den man setzt, überschreiten, tr. se Isaram, tr. se Alpes, Brut. in Cic. ep.: tr. Trebiam navibus, Liv. – m. Abl. des Gewässers, auf dem man fährt, Aegaeo mari traiecit, Liv.: dah. amnis traiectus, überschritten, Liv. – m. 1. Supin., cum ea centum navium classe, si videretur ei, praedatum in Africam traiceret, Liv. 27, 22, 9. – c) (refl.) v. Feuer, hinüberschlagen, bildl., ad nos traiecturum illud incendium esse, Liv.: cum traiecturum id incendium velut ex continentibus tectis in alteram tam propinquam provinciam esset, Liv.: traiecturum id malum in coloniam, Liv. – II) über- od. durchwerfen, durchdringen, 1) überwerfen, murum iaculo, Cic. de fin. 4, 22: ut (nemora) transiaci ne sagittis quidem possint, Solin. 52, 46. – 2) durchwerfen, -dringen, a) mit einem Geschosse usw., = durchbohren, erstechen, alqm, Caes.: se, Auct. b. Afr.: se cultro coquinari, Varro fr.: alqm gladio, Auct. b. Alex.: alqm venabulo, Liv.: alci utrumque femur tragulā, Caes.: lanceā infe stā medium femur alcis, Hirt. b.G.: sibi gladio pectus, Auct. b. Afr.: cervum sparo tragulāve, Varro fr.: tegimentum tormento, Caes. – b) reitend durchdringen, durchbrechen, pars magna equitum mediam traiecit aciem, Liv. 42, 7, 7. – / transiaci, Solin. 52, 46 (s. oben no. II, 1).

Latin > English

traicio traicere, trajeci, trajectus V :: transfer; transport; pierce, transfix