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tenuis

Ὄττω τις ἔραται -> Whatever one loves best | Whom you desire most
Sappho

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

tĕnŭis: e (in the poets also as dissyl. tēnuis, and hence sometimes written ten-vis, Lucr. 1, 875; 2, 232; 3, 232 al.; cf.
I tenuia and tenuius, trisyl., id. 4, 66; 4, 808; 3, 243, v. Carey, Lat. Prosody, § 47), adj. root in Sanscr. tanu; ten., Gr. τείνω;> prop. stretched out, drawn out; v. teneo; hence, thin, fine, close, etc. (syn.: gracilis, exilis).
I Lit.
   1    Of texture, fine, thin: subtemen, Plaut. Merc. 3, 1, 20: vestes, Tib. 2, 3, 53: vestes, Ov. A. A. 3, 707: amictus, id. M. 4, 104: togae, Hor. Ep. 1, 14, 32: toga filo tenuissima, Ov. A. A. 3, 445: tunicae, id. F. 2, 319: natura oculos membranis tenuissimis vestivit et saepsit, Cic. N. D. 2, 57, 142: pellis, Ov. A. A. 3, 77: arietes tenuioris velleris, Col. 7, 2, 5.—
   2    Of substance, thin, rare, fine: tenue caelum (opp. crassum), Cic. Fat. 4, 7; so, tenue purumque caelum, id. Div. 1, 57, 130: aër, rare (with purus), id. N. D. 2, 16, 42; cf.: aethereus locus tenuissimus est, id. ib. 2, 15, 42: capilli, Ov. Am. 1, 14, 5: comae, Tib. 1, 9, 68: rima, Ov. M. 4, 65: vinum, thin, watery, Plin. 14, 9, 11, § 80; 15, 28, 33, § 110; 23, 1, 22, § 39: aqua, clear, Ov. F. 2, 250; cf. sanguis (opp. crassus), Plin. 11, 38, 90, § 221: agmen (militum), Liv. 25, 23, 16: acies, Tac. A. 1, 64; cf. pluviae, Verg. G. 1, 92.—
   3    Of form, slim, thin, lank, slender, fine: penna, Hor. C. 2, 20, 1: cauda (piscis), Ov. M. 4, 726: acus, id. Am. 3, 7, 30: tabellae, Mart. 14, 3, 1: nitedula, thin, lank, meagre, Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 29; cf.: canes macie tenues, Nemes. Cyn. 137: Gellius, Cat. 89, 1: Thais, Mart. 11, 101, 1: umbra (defuncti), Tib. 3, 2, 9; cf.: animae (defunctorum), Ov. M. 14, 411; id. F. 2, 565. —
   4    Of sounds, weak, thin: vox, Pompon. ap. Macr. S. 6, 4, 12 (Com. Rel. v. 59 Rib.); Quint. 11, 3, 32. —
   B Transf., in gen., little, slight, trifling, poor, mean, etc.: oppidum tenue sane, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 22, § 53; cf.: magnae quondam urbis tenue vestigium, Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 32: murus, Cic. Rep. 4, 4, 4: amnis, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 53: aqua, shallow, Liv. 1, 4, 6; Ov. F. 2, 250; Quint. 12, 2, 11: rivulus, Cic. Rep. 2, 19, 34: sulcus, Verg. G. 1, 68: foramen, Plin. 16, 36, 66, § 165: intervallum, id. 31, 2, 2, § 4: insignis tenui fronte Lycoris, Hor. C. 1, 33, 5: tenuem victum antefert copioso, Cic. Tusc. 3, 20, 49; so, victus, id. Fin. 2, 28, 90; id. Lael. 23, 86; Hor. S. 2, 2, 53: mensa, id. C. 2, 16, 14: cibus, Phaedr. 4, 13, 7: tenuissimum patrimonium, Auct. Her. 4, 38, 50: opes, Cic. Quint. 1, 2: res (familiaris), Hor. Ep. 1, 20, 20; cf. census, id. ib. 1, 7, 56: honores, Nep. Milt. 6, 2: praeda, Caes. B. G. 6, 35: tenuissimum lumen, Cic. N. D. 2, 19, 50: pumex, i. e. light, Prop. 3 (4), 1, 8. — Transf., of poor persons: tenuis (opp. locuples), Cic. Off. 2, 20, 70: servus sit an liber, pecuniosus an tenuis, id. Inv. 1, 25, 35: fortunae constitui tenuiorum videbantur, id. Sest. 48, 103; cf.: locupletissimi cujusque census extenuarant, tenuissimi auxerant, id. Verr. 2, 2, 55, § 138: tenuis et obaeratus, Suet. Caes. 46: Regulus, Plin. Ep. 2, 20, 13.—With gen.: tenuis opum, Sil. 6, 19.—
II Trop.
   A Fine, nice, delicate, subtle, exact (syn.: elegans, subtilis): tenuis et acuta distinctio, Cic. Ac. 2, 14, 43; cf.: tenues autem differentias (praecepta) habent, Sen. Ep. 94, 35: (oratores) tenues, acuti, Cic. Or. 5, 20; so, orator, id. ib. 24, 81; Quint. 12, 10, 21: aures, Lucr. 4, 913: cura, Ov. P. 4, 6, 37: Athenae, elegant, Mart. 6, 64, 17: rationes latiore specie, non ad tenue limatae, Cic. Ac. 2, 20, 66: textum dicendi, Quint. 10, 1, 64.— Subst.: tĕnŭe, is, n., that which is subtle (opp. comprehensibile), Lact. 7, 4, 12.—
   B Transf. (acc. to I. B.), weak, trifling, insignificant, mean, low: cum tenuissimā valetudine esset, weak, feeble, delicate, Caes. B. G. 5, 40: tenuis atque infirmus animus, id. B. C. 1, 32: ingenium (opp. forte), Quint. 10, 2, 19: tenuis et angusta ingeni vena, id. 6, 2, 3: tenuis exsanguisque sermo, Cic. de Or. 1, 13, 57; Quint. 8, 3, 18: in ininimis tenuissimisque rebus labi, Cic. de Or. 1, 37, 169: tenuissimarum rerum jura, id. Caecin. 12, 34: artificium perquam tenue et leve, id. de Or. 1, 28, 129: grammatica, ars tenuis ac jejuna, Quint. 1, 4, 5: inanis et tenuis spes, Cic. Rosc. Com. 14, 43; cf.: spes tenuior, id. Att. 3, 19, 2: suspitio, id. Caecin. 15, 43: causa tenuis et inops, id. Fam. 9, 12, 2: curae, Verg. G. 1, 177: gloria, id. ib. 4, 6: damnum, Tac. A. 12, 39: negotia paulo ad dicendum tenuiora, Quint. 12, 9, 8: nec sua plus debet tenui Verona Catullo, i. e. to the author of trifling, amorous lays, Mart. 10, 103, 5; v. tenuo, II. —
   2    Esp., of rank, standing, etc., low, inferior, common: tenuiores, men of lower rank, the lower orders, Cic. Leg. 3, 10, 24; cf.: tenuis L. Virginius unusque de multis, id. Fin. 2, 20, 66: tenuissimus quisque, id. Verr. 2, 1, 47, § 123: homines, id. Mur. 34, 70; cf.: commoti animi tenuiorum, id. ib. 23, 47: si obscuri erunt aut tenues, id. Part. Or. 34, 117: qui tenuioris ordinis essent, id. Leg. 3, 13, 30: adulescentes tenui loco orti, Liv. 2, 3, 2. — Hence, adv.: tĕnŭĭter.
   1    Lit.
   a Thinly: alutae tenuiter confectae, Caes. B. G. 3, 13.—
   b Indifferently, poorly: Da. Quid rei gerit? Ge. Sic, tenuiter. Da. Non multum habet, Quod det, etc., Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 95.—
   2    Trop.
   a Finely, acutely, exactly, subtilely: tenuiter disserere, Cic. Or. 14, 46: tenuiter multa, multa sublimiter tenere, Plin. Ep. 4, 27, 1: scribere (with argute), id. ib. 6, 21, 4: tenuiter et argute multa disserit, Gell. 6, 2, 6.—Comp.: illae (argumentationes) tenuius et acutius et subtilius tractantur, Cic. Inv. 2, 16, 51.—
   b Lightly, slightly, superficially: mihi nimium tenuiter Siculorum erga te voluntatis argumenta colligere videor, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 65, § 157; Auct. Her. 3, 8, 15; 4, 36, 48.— Sup.: tenuissime aestimare, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 16, § 35.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

tĕnŭis,⁸ e,
1 mince, délié, fin, grêle, ténu : tenue subtemen Pl. Merc. 518, un fil mince ; natura oculos membranis tenuissimis sæpsit Cic. Nat. 2, 142, la nature a recouvert les yeux de membranes très minces || tenue cælum Cic. Fato 7, air subtil, léger, cf. Cic. Div. 1, 130 ; Nat. 2, 42 || tenuis aqua Ov. F. 2, 250, eau liquide ; tenue vinum Plin. 14, 80, vin clair, léger ; tenues pluviæ Virg. G. 1, 92, pluies fines || tenui agmine Liv. 25, 23, 16, en colonne mince, en file ; tenuis acies Tac. Ann. 1, 64, mince front de bataille || tenuis nitedula Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 29, mulot grêle, efflanqué ; tenuis penna Hor. O. 2, 20, 1, une aile grêle, faible, chétive ; tenues animæ (defunctorum) Ov. M. 14, 411, les ombres ténues (des morts) ; [poét.] tibia tenuis Hor. P. 203, la flûte grêle, au son grêle ; vox tenuis Quint. 11, 3, 32, voix grêle
2 petit, chétif, de peu d’importance, faible : oppidum tenue Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 53, ville de faible importance ; tenuis murus Cic. Rep. 4, 4, faible rempart ; rivulus Cic. Rep. 2, 34, mince ruisselet ; victus Cic. Læl. 86, une table frugale ; tenues opes Cic. Quinct. 2, maigres ressources ; tenuissimum lumen Cic. Nat. 2, 50, très faible lumière || [fig.] tenuissima valetudo Cæs. G. 5, 40, santé précaire ; spes tenuior Cic. Att. 2, 19, 2, espérance plus faible, cf. Cic. Com. 43 ; tenui quodam et exsangui sermone Cic. de Or. 1, 57, dans un style grêle et sans vie ; artificium tenue et leve Cic. de Or. 1, 129, un métier chétif et frivole || [en parl. des pers. de petite condition, de maigre fortune] : homines tenues Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 167, des gens de peu, cf. Cic. Mur. 70 ; Off. 2, 70 ; tenuissimum quemque contemnit Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 123, il méprise les gens en proportion de l’humilité de leur condition ; animi tenuiorum Cic. Mur. 47, les esprits des petites gens
3 fin, subtil, délicat : tenuis et acuta distinctio Cic. Ac. 2, 43, distinction fine et subtile ; oratores tenues Cic. Or. 20, les orateurs au style simple, cf. Cic. Or. 81 ; tenues Athenæ Mart. 6, 64, 17, Athènes, ville fine, policée || [métaph.] rationes ad tenue elimatæ Cic. Ac. 2, 66, des raisons amincies par le travail de la lime. chez les poètes qqf. dissyll. tenvis : Lucr. 1, 885 ; 2, 232, etc., Virg.

Latin > German (Georges)

tenuis, e (altind. tanu-s, ausgedehnt, griech. τανύω, ahd. dunni, dünn), I) dünn, fein, zart (Ggstz. crassus, dick). A) eig.: 1) im allg.: acus, Ov.: vestis, Ov.: collum, Cic.: capilli, Ov.: filum, Hor.: aurum, Goldfäden, Verg.: arundo, Verg.: pumex, zarter, poröser, Prop.: myricae, Ov.: caelum, Cic.: animae, Ov. – aries tenuioris velleris, Ov.: scalpellum tenuissimum, Colum. – subst., tenue, is, n., das Feine (Ggstz. comprehensibile), Lact. 7, 4, 12: animus ex tenuissimo constat, besteht aus dem feinsten Stoffe, Sen. ep. 57, 8. – 2) insbes.: a) dünn, spitz, schmächtig, mager, Catull. u. Mart. – b) schmal, eng, tellus, Erdenge, Ov.: frons, durch den Reichtum der Locken schmale, Hor.: limes, Quint.: litus, Liv.: tenue nigrum, schmaler-, kleiner schwarzer Fleck, Ov.: agmen militum Liv. – c) seicht, flach, nicht tief, Tiberis tenui fluens aquā, Liv.: unda, Prop. u. Ov.: sulcus, Verg. – d) dünn, wässerig (= nicht fett, nicht ölig, Ggstz. pinguis), vinum, Plin.: sanguis, Plin. – e) klar, hell, aqua, Ov. fast. 2, 250. – f) dünn dem Tone nach, schwach, vox, Pompon. com. 59. Quint. 11, 3, 32. – B) bildl.: a) (das Bild vom dünn und einfach gesponnenen Faden hergenommen) = dünn gesponnen, schlicht, einfach, argumentandi genus, Cic. – übtr., v. Pers., orator, ein schlichter (Ggstz. or. gravis), Cic. – b) fein, zart, genau, gründlich, cura, Ov.: aures, Lucr.: distinctio, Cic.: ratio, Hor.: Athenae, fein gebildet, Mart.: res tenues, tenui sermone peractae, fein ausgesonnene Gedanken, in gründlicher Darstellung erörtert, Hor. – II) übtr., dem äußeren Umfang, Wert usw. nach unbeträchtlich, klein, schwach, gering, dürftig, spärlich, ärmlich, A) eig.: oppidum, Cic.: frigus, Mart.: tenuissimum lumen (Ggstz. plenissimum lumen), Cic.: tenui (schwachen, sanften) verbere cauda levis, Mart.: victus, schmale, mäßige Kost (Ggstz. copiosus), Mart.: so auch cibus, Phaedr., u. mensa, Hor.: patrimonium, Cornif. rhet.: opes, Cic.: praeda, Caes. – übtr., v. Pers. = dürftig, ärmlich (Ggstz. locuples, pecuniosus), Cic.: tenuis et obaeratus, Suet.: mit Genet., tenuis opum, Sil. 6, 19. – B) bildl.: a) schwach, gering, geringfügig, kleinlich, valetudo tenuissima, Caes.: tenuis (beschränkt) atque infirmus animus, Caes.: ingenium (Ggstz. ing. forte), Quint.: scientia, Cic.: tenuis exsanguisque sermo, Cic.: causa tenuis et inops, Cic.: ars tenuis ac ieiuna, Quint.: inanis et tenuis spes, Cic.: spes tenuior, Cic.: suspicio, Cic.: damnum, Tac.: übtr., tenuis Catullus, der Dichter leichter, erotischer Lieder, Mart. – b) v. Geburt, Stand = gering, niedrig, tenui loco ortus, Liv.: qui tenuioris ordinis essent, Cic. – übtr., v. Pers. = niederen Standes, nieder, tenuis L. Verginius unusque de multis, Cic.: tenues homines, Cic. – Plur. subst., tenuiores, Leute niederen Standes (Ggstz. principes), Cic. – / tenvis (zweisilb.) gemessen, Verg. georg. 2, 180: tenve, Lucr. 4, 1234: tenvia (dreisilb.) gemessen, Verg. georg. 1, 397; 2, 121; 4, 38. Anthol. Lat. 198, 26 R.

Latin > English

tenuis tenue, tenuior -or -us, tenuissimus -a -um ADJ :: thin, fine; delicate; slight, little, unimportant; weak, feeble