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παράκλητος

Τὰ πάντα ῥεῖ καὶ οὐδὲν μένει → Everything flows and nothing stands still
Heraclitus
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Full diacritics: παράκλητος Medium diacritics: παράκλητος Low diacritics: παράκλητος Capitals: ΠΑΡΑΚΛΗΤΟΣ
Transliteration A: paráklētos Transliteration B: paraklētos Transliteration C: paraklitos Beta Code: para/klhtos

English (LSJ)

ον, A called to one's aid, in a court of justice : as substantive, legal assistant, advocate, D.19.1, Lycurg. Fr.102, etc. 2 summoned, δοῦλοι D.C.46.20, cf. BGU601.12 (ii A.D.). II intercessor, Ph.2.520 : hence in NT, Παράκλητος, Paraclete, paracletus, of the Holy Spirit, Ev.Jo.14.16, cf. 1 Ep.Jo.2.1.

* Abbreviations: ALL | General | Authors & Works

German (Pape)

[Seite 483] zu Hülfe gerufen, hülfreich, bes. vor Gericht, advocatus, als subst. Sachwalter, Dem. 19, 1; auch der für Einen bittet, Sp., vgl. D. L. 4, 50; N. T.

Greek (Liddell-Scott)

παράκλητος: -ον, ὁ προσκληθεὶς ὡς βοηθός τινος ἐν δικαστηρίῳ, Λατ. advocatus· ὡς οὐσιαστ., νομικὸς βοηθός, συνήγορος, Δημ. 341. 10, κτλ.· πρβλ. Herm. Pol. Ant. § 142. 14· - μεσίτης ὑπέρ τινος, Φίλων 2. 520, κτλ. ΙΙ. ἐν τῇ Καινῇ Διαθ. καὶ παρὰ τοῖς Ἐκκλ., ὁ Παράκλητος, τὸ Ἅγιον Πνεῦμα, ὁ συνήγοροςπαρήγορος, = διδάσκαλος, Θεόδ. Μοψουεστ. 777Α· - μετὰ τῆς λέξεως πνεῦμα, τίθεται οὐδετέρως τὸ παράκλητον, Εὐσεβ. VI. 1008A, 1012D, 1009B, Μακάρ. 521C, κλ.

French (Bailly abrégé)

ος, ον :
qu’on appelle à son secours ; ὁ παράκλητος avocat, défenseur (lat. advocatus).
Étymologie: παρακαλέω.

English (Strong)

an intercessor, consoler: advocate, comforter.

English (Thayer)

παρακλητου, ὁ (παρακαλέω), properly, summoned, called to one's side, especially called to one's aid; hence,
1. "one who pleads another's cause before a Judges, a pleader, counsel for defense, legal assistant; an advocate": Demosthenes, p. 341,11; (Diogenes Laërtius 4,50, cf. Dio Cassius, 46,20.
2. universally, one who pleads another's cause with one, an intercessor: Philo, de mund. opif. § 59; de Josepho § 40; in Flaccum §§ 3,4; so of Christ, in his exaltation at God's right hand, pleading with God the Father for the pardon of our sins, Philo, vita Moys. iii. § 14).
3. in the widest sense, a helper, succorer, aider, assistant; so of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles (after his ascension to the Father), to lead them to a deeper knowledge of gospel truth, and to give them the divine strength needed to enable them to undergo trials and persecutions on behalf of the divine kingdom: Philo de mund. opif. § 6 at the beginning says that God in creating the world had no need of a παράκλητος, an adviser, counsellor, helper. The Targums and Talmud borrow the Greek words פְּרַקְלִיט and פְּרַקְלִיטָא and use them of any intercessor, defender, or advocate; cf. Baxtorf, Lex. Talm., p. 1843 (edited by Fischer, p. 916)); so Targ. on מֵלִיץ מַלְאָך, i. e. an angel that pleads man's cause with God; (cf. πλουσίων παρακλητοι in ' Teaching' etc. 5 [ET] under the end; the Epistle of Barnabas 20,2 [ET]; Apostolic Constitutions 7,18)). Cf. Knapp, Scripta varii Argumenti, p. 124ff; Düsterdieck on G, in Ellicott's N. T. Commentary for English Readers; Westcott in the Speaker's commentary Additional Note on John 14:16; Schaff in Lange ibid.).

Greek Monolingual

-η, -ο / παράκλητος, ον, ΝΜΑ παρακαλώ
1. αυτός που καλείται να βοηθήσει κάποιον που βρίσκεται σε δύσκολη θέση, ο βοηθός
2. (το αρσ. ως κύριο όν.) ο Παράκλητος
εκκλ. i) προσωνυμία που αποδίδεται από το Ευαγγέλιο του Ιωάννου στο Αγιο Πνεύμα, το οποίο υπόσχεται να αποστείλει ο Ιησούς στους μαθητές του, προκειμένου να τους φωτίσει στο κήρυγμα του θείου Λόγου
ii) προσωνυμία του Ιησού Χριστού
αρχ.
1. αυτός που προσκλήθηκε
2. αυτός που ενεργεί ως μεσίτης, ως μεσολαβητής ή παρηγορητής για λογαριασμό κάποιου
3. το αρσ. ως ουσ.παράκλητος
(ως δικανικός όρος)
συνήγορος σε δικαστήριο.

Greek Monotonic

παράκλητος: -ον, I. αυτός που καλείται σε βοήθεια, Λατ. advocatus· ως ουσ., νομικός βοηθός, συνήγορος, σε Δημ.
II. σε Καινή Διαθήκη, ὁ Παράκλητος, το Άγιο Πνεύμα, ο Μεσολαβητής ή Παρηγορητής.

Russian (Dvoretsky)

παράκλητος:
1) защитник, правозаступник, заступник Dem.;
2) утешитель NT.

Dutch (Woordenboekgrieks.nl)

παράκλητος -ον [παρακαλέω] te hulp geroepen; subst. ὁ π. aanhanger, supporter; christ. helper, pleitbezorger; vertrooster:. ὁ δὲ παράκλητος, τὸ πνεῦμα τὸ ἅγιον de pleitbezorger, de Heilige Geest NT Io. 14.26.

Middle Liddell

παρά-κλητος, ον,
I. called to one's aid, Lat. advocatus: as substantive a legal assistant, advocate, Dem.
II. in NTest., ὁ Παράκλητος, the Intercessor or the Comforter.

Chinese

原文音譯:par£khtoj 爬拉克累拖士
詞類次數:名詞(5)
原文字根:在旁 召(者)
字義溯源:代求者^,勸慰者,幫助者,保惠師,中保。主耶穌完成了救贖的工作,要回到父神那裏去,聖靈來接替他的工作,為我們作代言人,代求人,安慰勸勉我們,並幫助我們。在福音書中四次和合本譯為保惠師,在書信中的一次譯為中保
出現次數:總共(5);約(4);約壹(1)
譯字彙編
1) 保惠師(3) 約14:26; 約15:26; 約16:7;
2) 一位中保(1) 約壹2:1;
3) 一位保惠師(1) 約14:16

English (Woodhouse)

παράκλητος = advocate

⇢ Look up "παράκλητος" on Google | Wiktionary | LSJ full text search (Translation based on the reversal of Woodhouse's English to Ancient Greek dictionary)

Wikipedia EN

Paraclete (Greek: παράκλητος, Latin: paracletus) means advocate or helper. In Christianity, the term "paraclete" most commonly refers to the Holy Spirit.

Paraclete comes from the Koine Greek word παράκλητος (paráklētos). A combination of "para" (beside/alongside) and "kalein" (to call), the word first appears in the Bible in John 14:16. John Muddiman and John Barton further explain the development of the meaning of this term;

The word parakletos is a verbal adjective, often used of one called to help in a lawcourt. In the Jewish tradition the word was transcribed with Hebrew letters and used for angels, prophets, and the just as advocates before God's court. The word also acquired the meaning of 'one who consoles' (cf. Job 16:2, Theodotion's and Aquila's translations; the LXX has the correct word parakletores). It is probably wrong to explain the Johannine parakletos on the basis of only one religious background. The word is filled with a complex meaning: the Spirit replaces Jesus, is an advocate and a witness, but also consoles the disciples.

The term is not common in non-Jewish texts. The best known use is by Demosthenes:

Citizens of Athens, I do not doubt that you are all pretty well aware that this trial has been the center of keen partisanship and active canvassing, for you saw the people who were accosting and annoying you just now at the casting of lots. But I have to make a request which ought to be granted without asking, that you will all give less weight to private entreaty or personal influence than to the spirit of justice and to the oath which you severally swore when you entered that box. You will reflect that justice and the oath concern yourselves and the commonwealth, whereas the importunity and party spirit of advocates serve the end of those private ambitions which you are convened by the laws to thwart, not to encourage for the advantage of evil-doers. (Demosthenes, On the False Embassy 19:1)

In the Greek New Testament the word is most prominent in the Johannine writings. It appears in the Gospel of John where it may be translated into English as "counselor", "helper", “advocate”, or "comforter".

The New Testament Studies, a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Cambridge University Press, describes a "striking similarity" between the defined attributes of what the Paraclete is, and is to do, and what the outcome of Christian prophecy has spoken to, explaining the Paraclete as the post-Passover gift of the Holy Spirit. "The Paraclete represents the Spirit as manifested in a particular way, as a pneumatic Christian speech charisma. Every verb describing the ministry of the Paraclete is directly related to his speech function."

The early church identified the Paraclete as the Holy Spirit. In first-century Jewish and Christian understanding, the presence of the Holy Spirit is to claim rebirth of prophecy.

During his period as a hermit in the mid-12th century, Peter Abelard dedicated his chapel to the Paraclete because "I had come there as a fugitive and, in the depths of my despair, was granted some comfort by the grace of God."

Translations

Bulgarian: закрилник; Dhivehi: ބާރްޤަލީޠު‎; Dutch: parakleet; Esperanto: parakleto; French: paraclet; German: Paraklet; Ancient Greek: παράκλητος; Modern: παράκλητος; Latin: paracletus; Persian: فارقلیط‎; Polish: paraklet; Portuguese: paráclito, paracleto; Russian: паракле́т; Spanish: paráclito; Swedish: paraklet; Turkish: paraklit