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δικαιοσύνη

Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a
Full diacritics: δῐκαιοσύνη Medium diacritics: δικαιοσύνη Low diacritics: δικαιοσύνη Capitals: ΔΙΚΑΙΟΣΥΝΗ
Transliteration A: dikaiosýnē Transliteration B: dikaiosynē Transliteration C: dikaiosyni Beta Code: dikaiosu/nh

English (LSJ)

ἡ,

   A righteousness, justice, Thgn.147, Hdt.1.96, al., Pl. R.433a, LXX Ge.15.6, etc.; δ. δικαστική legal justice, Arist.Pol.1291a27; opp. ἐπιείκεια, Id.EN1137a32.    2 fulfilment of the Law, LXX Is.26.2, al., Ev.Matt.3.15, al.    II justice, the business of a judge, Pl.Grg.464b, 464c (v.l. δικαστική), Clit.408b.    III Δ., personified, AP9.164; Ἶσις Δ. SIG1131 (Delos), IG3.203.    IV Pythag. name for four, Theol.Ar.23.    V δικαιοσύνη· ἡ χοῖνιξ, μυστικῶς, Hsch.

German (Pape)

[Seite 627] ἡ, Gerechtigkeit, die Eigenschaft und Handlungsweise des δίκαιος, Rechtlichkeit; δ. ἐστὶ τὸ τὰ αὑτοῦ πράττειν καὶ μὴ πολυπραγμονεῖν Plat. Rep. IV, 433 a; vgl. Arist. Eth. Nic. 5; Ggstz ἀνομία Xen. Mem. 1, 2, 24; Wohlthat, Inscr. 101; εἰς τοὺς δημότας 102; der ἐλεημοσύνη entsprechend, Math. 6, 1. 2, u. sonst im N. T. – Von späteren Dichtern auch personificirt als Göttin.

Greek (Liddell-Scott)

δῐκαιοσύνη: ἡ, ὁ χαρακτὴρ τοῦ δικαίου, Θέογν. 147, Ἡρόδ. 1.96, 6.86. 7.52, κτλ.· δ. δικαστική, νομική, ἡ ἐν τοῖς δικαστηρίοις, Ἀριστ. Πολ. 4.4,14. ΙΙ. ἡ ἀσχολία δικαστοῦ, Πλάτ. Γοργ. 464Β, C (διάφ. γρ. δικαστική), πρβλ. Κλειτοφ. 408Β.

French (Bailly abrégé)

ης (ἡ) :
justice, sentiments de justice, pratique de la justice.
Étymologie: δίκαιος.

Spanish (DGE)

(δῐκαιοσύνη) -ης, ἡ

• Alolema(s): -α E.Fr.486, Eccelus 78.1, Plu.Lyc.20; lesb. δικαο- IG 12(2).23.5 (Mitilene I d.C.)

• Prosodia: [-ῠ-]
I 1justicia, conducta justa en rel. c. los dioses εἴς τε δικαιοσύνην θνητῶν γένος ἤγαγε Titanomach.11.1, οἱ ... τότε ἄνθρωποι ὁμοτράπεζοι θεοῖς ἦσαν ὑπὸ δικαιοσύνης καὶ εὐσεβείας Paus.8.2.4, como virtud ἐν δὲ δικαιοσύνῃ συλλήβδην πᾶσ' ἀρετή 'στιν Phoc.10, cf. Thgn.147, εἴπερ σοφία τε καὶ ἀρετή ἐστιν δ. Pl.R.351a, ἀρετῆς ἕνεκα καὶ δικαιοσύνης τῆς εἰς τὴν βουλήν IG 22.401.32 (IV a.C.), cf. SEG 22.120.3 (Ramnunte III a.C.), μεγάλα γὰρ ἱερὰ τῆς ἀρετῆς ἐστιν ἐπὶ δικαιοσύνην Hp.Ep.11, cf. Lys.12.5, CEG 96.2 (Ática V a.C.), οὐχ οἷόν τέ γε ἄνευ δικαιοσύνης ἀγαθὸν πολίτην γενέσθαι X.Mem.4.2.11, φρόνησίς τε καὶ σωφροσύνη καὶ δ. Aristo Stoic.1.86, τὰν δικαιοσύναν ... τιθηνὰν τᾶν ἀλλᾶν ἀρετᾶν Eccelus l.c., cf. Pythag.B 4, Anaximen.Rh.1422a10, Plu.2.243d, Luc.Am.24, Arr.Epict.2.20.25, Aristid.Quint.115.25, Bio Bor.17, Origenes Cels.5.47, Iust.Phil.1Apol.6.1, δικαιοσύνην ... ἤσκεε llevaba una conducta recta Hdt.1.96, ὅτι γε τὸ τὰ αὑτοῦ πράττειν καὶ μὴ πολυπραγμονεῖν δ. ἐστί Pl.R.433a, δικαιοσύνης δὲ (σημεῖον) τοῖς ἀδικουμένοις βοηθεῖν Lys.2.14, cf. Arist.EN 1130 passim, 1137a32, LXX Ge.15.6, Is.26.2, reducido a la esfera humana ὁσιότης μὲν πρὸς θεόν, δ. δὲ πρὸς ἀνθρώπους Ph.2.30
plu. acciones justas Θεὸς εὐφραίνεται ταῖς δικαιοσύναις ἡμῶν Gr.Nyss.M.46.417C.
2 en sent. legal justicia τῶν δὲ δυώδεκα βασιλέων δικαιοσύνῃ χρεωμένων Hdt.2.151, cf. D.C.49.20.4, δ. δικαστική justicia en los tribunales Arist.Pol.1291a27, cf. Philostr.VA 6.21, ὅπερ ἐστὶν ἀρχὴ καὶ τέλος δικαιοσύνης Plb.6.6.7, cf. Antipho Soph.B 44A.1.6, 16, Isoc.1.38, Epicur.Sent.[5] 33, μεγίστην ἐπὶ δικαιοσύνῃ δόξαν ἐκτήσατο D.S.11.47, δικαιοσύνης ὁ φθόνος ὀξύτερος AP 7.361, cf. Ph.1.615, D.L.1.10, Plu.Lyc.20, Vett.Val.2.23, PGnom.194 (II d.C.), Porph.Sent.32
crist. de la justicia de Dios ἡ νομοθεσία τὴν τοῦ θεοῦ δικαιοσύνην ... καταγγέλλει Clem.Al.Strom.2.17.86
cumplimiento de la ley op. ἀνομία: ἄνθρωποι ἀνομίᾳ μᾶλλον ἢ δικαιοσύνῃ χρωμένοι X.Mem.1.2.24, πληρῶσαι πᾶσαν δικαιοσύνην cumplir totalmente la ley, Eu.Matt.3.15.
3 justicia ejercida como una τέχνη, función del juez ἰατρικὴ τῇ γυμναστικῇ καὶ ἡ δ. τῇ νομοθετικῇ Pl.Grg.464c, cf. 465c, Clit.408b.
4 el número cuatro en la fil. pitagórica Theol.Ar.23
tb. el número cinco, Theol.Ar.27.
5 δ.· ἡ χοῖνιξ μυστικῶς Hsch.
II Justicia personif. δικαιοσύνας τὸ χρύσεον πρόσωπον E.Fr.486, cf. Luc.Pisc.16, 18, Orph.H.63.3, AP 7.698 (Christod.), 9.164.

English (Strong)

from δίκαιος; equity (of character or act); specially (Christian) justification: righteousness.

English (Thayer)

δικαιοσύνης, ἡ (δίκαιος); most frequently in the Sept. for צֶדֶק and צְדָקָה, rarely for חֶסֶד; "the virtue or quality or state of one who is δίκαιος;"
1. in the broad sense, the state of him who is such as he ought to be, righteousness (German Rechtbeschaffenheit); the condition acceptable to God (German Gottwohlgefalligkeit);
a. universally: λόγος τῆς δικαιοσύνης (like λόγος τῆς καταλλαγῆς, λόγος τοῦ σταυροῦ), the doctrine concerning the way in which man may attain to a state approved of God, βασιλεύς δικαιοσύνης, the king who himself has the approbation of God, and who renders his subjects acceptable to God, G L T Tr, WH; ἁμαρτία, ἀνομία, and ἀκαθαρσία); ἁμαρτία); ἀνομία, as in Xenophon, mem. 1,2, 24); ἐν ὁδῷ δικαιοσύνης, walking in the way of righteousness equivalent to an upright, righteous, Prayer of Manasseh , τοῦ Θεοῦ, the righteousness which God demands, צִדְקָה, Colossians 1891 (p. 941, Fischer edition); cf. Winer's Grammar, 32)); where δίκαιος καί ὁσιότης are connected — Clement of Rome, 1 Corinthians 48,4 [ET] and occasionally in secular writings) — the former denotes right conduct toward men, the latter piety toward God (cf. Plato, Gorgias, p. 507b.; Grimm on Sap., p. 181 f; (cf. Trench, § 88, p. 328f; for additional examples see Wetstein (1752) on Ephesians , the passage cited; cf. ὅσιος); εὐσέβεια καί δικαιοσύνη, Diodorus 1,2); ποιεῖν τήν δικαιοσύνην, to do righteousness, to live uprightly: ἐργάζεσθαι δικαιοσύνην, ζῆν τῇ δικαιοσύνη, to live, devote the life, to righteousness, πληροῦν πᾶσαν δικαιοσύνην, to perform completely whatever is right, δικαιοσύνη denotes his perfect moral purity, integrity, sinlessness: holiness: ἡ δικαιοσύνη has a peculiar meaning, opposed to the views of the Jews and Judaizing Christians. To understand this meaning, the following facts especially must be kept in view: the Jews as a people, and very many who had become converts from among them to Christianity, supposed that they secured the favor of God by works conformed to the requirements of the Mosaic law, as though by way of merit; and that they would thus attain to eternal salvation. But this law demands perfect obedience to all its precepts, and threatens condemnation to those who do not render such obedience (Song of Solomon , to die as an expiatory sacrifice for the sins of men he has attested his grace and good-will to mankind, so that they can hope for salvation as if they had not sinned. But the way to obtain this hope, he teaches, is only through faith (see πίστις (especially 1b. and d.)), by which a man appropriates that grace of God revealed and pledged in Christ; and this faith is reckoned by God to the man as δικαιοσύνη; that is to say, δικαιοσύνη denotes "the state acceptable to God which becomes a sinner's possession through that faith by which he embraces the grace of God offered him in the expiatory death of Jesus Christ (see δικαιόω, 3b.). In this senseδικαιοσύνη is used without an adjunct in δικαιοσύνη Θεοῦ, ἡ τοῦ Θεοῦ δικαιοσύνη, the righteousness which God ascribes, what God declares to be righteousness (Winer's Grammar, 186 (175)), δικαιοσύνη Θεοῦ διά πίστεως, ἡ δικαιοσύνη τῆς πίστεως, which is acquired by faith, or seen in faith, ἡ ἐκ Θεοῦ δικαιοσύνη which comes from God, i. e. is adjudged, imputed, ἐπί τῇ πίστει depends on ἔχων, having ... founded upon faith (cf. Winer's Grammar, 137 (130); 392 (367); yet cf. Ellicott, at the passage)); ἡ ἐκ πίστεως δικαιοσύνη which comes from faith, ἡ διά πίστεως Χριστοῦ, ἡ κατά πίστιν δικαιοσύνη according to, appropriate to, faith, δικαιοσύνη, as being the one without whom there is no righteousness, as the author of righteousness, εἰς δικαιοσύνην, unto righteousness as the result, to obtain righteousness, ἡ πίστις λογίζεται τίνι εἰς δικαιοσύνην, faith is reckoned to one for righteousness, i. e. is so taken into account, that righteousness is ascribed to it or recognized in it: ἡ διακονία τῆς δικαιοσύνης (see διακονία, 2b.), δικαιοσύνη, arising from faith, is ἡ ἐκ νόμου δικαιοσύνη, a state acceptable to God which is supposed to result from obedience to the law, ἡ δικαιοσύνη ἐν νόμῳ relying on the law, i. e. on imaginary obedience to it, ἡ ἰδίᾳ δικαιοσύνη and ἡ ἐμή ἐδικαιοσυνη, such as one supposes that he has acquired for himself by his own works, justice, or the virtue which gives each one his due; it is said to belong to God and Christ, as bestowing ἰσότιμον πίστιν upon all Christians impartially, R G Tr marginal reading in brackets; κρίνειν ἐν δικαιοσύνη, δικαιόω at the end.)

Greek Monolingual

και δικιοσύνη, η (AM δικαιοσύνη) δίκαιος
1. η ιδιότητα, ο χαρακτήρας του δικαίου
2. η απονομή του δικαίου
3. εκκλ. «ὁ ἥλιος τῆς δικαιοσύνης» — ο Χριστός
μσν.- νεοελλ.
το σύνολο τών εκπροσώπων της δικαστικής εξουσίας, οι δικαστές
αρχ.
1. το έργο του δικαστή
2. η εκπλήρωση του νόμου (ειδ. του μωσαϊκού)
3. η προσωποποιημένη έννοια του δικαίου, ως θεά
4. (κατά τους Πυθαγόρειους) ο αριθμός
5. δίκαιη πράξη
6. πληθ. δικαιοσύναι
δικαιώματα.

Greek Monotonic

δῐκαιοσύνη: ἡ, ευθύτητα, ορθοκρισία, δικαιοσύνη, σε Θέογν., Ηρόδ. κ.λπ.

Russian (Dvoretsky)

δῐκαιοσύνη:
1) справедливость, законность, праведность Her., Plat., Arst.;
2) правосудие, судопроизводство Plat.;
3) благодеяние NT.

Middle Liddell

δῐκαιοσύνη, ἡ, n ndi˘kaioth s_tos fem <bibl>Xen.</bibl> <bibl>Plat.</bibl> [from δίκαιος
righteousness, justice, Theogn., Hdt., Xen., Plat. etc.