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duco

Ἓν οἶδα, ὅτι οὐδὲν οἶδα –> I know only one thing, that I know nothing | all I know is that I know nothing.
Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the Philosophers, Book 2 sec. 32.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

dūco: xi, ctum, 3 (
I imp. duc; but duce, Plaut. Ep. 3, 3, 18; id. Most. 1, 4, 11; id. Poen. 5, 4, 59; id. Rud. 2, 3, 55; id. Trin. 2, 2, 103; id. Truc. 2, 5, 26.—Perf. sync.: duxti, Varr. ap. Non. 283, 32; Cat. 91, 9; Prop. 1, 3, 27), v. a. cf. Goth. tiuh-an; O. H. Germ. zieh-an, to draw; Germ. -zog, in Herzog, commander, duke, to lead, conduct, draw, bring forward, in all senses; very freq. passing over into the signif. of the compounds abducere, deducere, adducere, producere, etc., and of the synonyms agere, trahere, movere, etc. (very freq.).
I Lit.
   A In gen.: quo sequar? quo ducis nunc me? Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 2: duc hos intro, id. Am. 2, 2, 224; id. Aul. 2, 6, 13: duc ac demonstra mihi, id. Cist. 2, 3, 36: suas secum mulierculas sunt in castra ducturi, Cic. Cat. 2, 10 fin.; cf. Caes. B. G. 5, 5 fin. et saep.: (difficile iter) vix qua singuli carri ducerentur, id. ib. 1, 6, 1; cf. plaustra, Ov. Tr. 3, 10, 34: aquam ducere, Cato ap. Charis. p. 192 P.; so, aquam per fundum ejus, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 2, § 4: spiritum naribus, Varr. R. R. 2, 3, 5: so, spiritum per siccas fauces, Sen. Ben. 3, 8; cf.: aërem spiritu, Cic. N. D. 2, 6 fin.: animam spiritu, id. ib. 2, 54, 136; and in gen.: spiritum, for to live, id. Fam. 10, 1; cf.: vitam et spiritum, id. de Imp. Pomp. 12, 33: tura naribus, to inhale, Hor. C. 4, 1, 22: sucos nectaris, to drink in full draughts, to quaff, id. ib. 3, 3, 34; cf. pocula, id. ib. 1, 17, 22; and: Liberum, id. ib. 4, 12, 14.—Poet.: jucunda oblivia vitae (referring to the waters of Lethe), Hor. S. 2, 6, 62 (cf. Verg. A. 6, 714 sq.) et saep.: mucronem, to draw from the scabbard, Verg. A. 12, 378; cf.: ferrum vaginā, Ov. F. 4, 929: ensem vagina, Sil. 8, 342; but: ensem duxerat faber, had beaten out, forged, Tib. 1, 3, 48: sortem, Cic. Div. 2, 33; Verg. A. 6, 22; hence, also transf. of that which is drawn by lot, Cic. Div. 1, 18, 34; id. Rep. 1, 34; Suet. Caes. 12; Tac. A. 1, 54; 3, 28 al.: pondus aratri, to draw, Ov. M. 7, 119: remos, to row, id. ib. 1, 294; cf. id. ib. 4, 353: numerosa brachia, in dancing, id. Am. 2, 4, 29: lanas, to spin, id. ib. 4, 34; cf. stamina, id. ib. 4, 221: ubera, to milk, id. ib. 9, 358: frena manu, to guide, govern, id. ib. 15, 518: vela, to haul (= navigare), Prop. 1, 6, 2: manus, of swimming, id. 3, 20, 2: ilia, to draw the flanks together, become broken-winded, Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 9: os, to draw awry, to make wry faces, Cic. Or. 25 fin.; Quint. 9, 3, 101; cf. vultum, Ov. M. 2, 774; id. P. 4, 8, 13; Mart. 1, 41 et saep.: non equus impiger Curru ducet Achaico Victorem, to draw along, Hor. C. 4, 3, 5; cf. id. Ep. 1, 1, 93.—Absol.: sibi quisque ducere, trahere, rapere, to take to one's self, appropriate, Sall. J. 41, 5.—
   B Esp.
   1    To lead, conduct, as a way or road: via ducit (te), in urbem? Verg. E. 9, 1; cf. Plin. Ep. 7, 5; Verg. A. 1, 401; Ov. F. 2, 679: Brundisium Minuci melius via ducat an Appi, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 20: via ad undas, Ov. M. 3, 602: via ad infernas sedes, id. ib. 4, 433; cf.: iter ad urbem, id. ib. 437; Curt. 3, 28, 19; Sen. Prov. 6, 7; id. Vit. Beat. 1; Plin. 18, 11, 29, § 111; Quint. 5, 9, 14; Liv. 5, 40, 8 al.—
   2    Se, in colloq. lang., to betake one's self, go: jam me ad regem recta ducam, Plaut. Am. 4, 3, 8; id. Aul. 4, 8, 8; id. Bacch. 4, 2, 11; Ter. Hec. 4, 1, 7: Balbus duxit se a Gadibus, Asin. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 32, 1.—
   3    A legal t. t., to take, lead away, drag, carry off a person before court, to prison, to punishment, etc.: POST. DEINDE. MANVS. INIECTIO. ESTO. IN. IVS. DVCITO, XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1, 45; so, in jus, Liv. 2, 27: illos duci in carcerem jubent, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 30: aliquem in carcerem, Suet. Caes. 20: in vincula, id. ib. 79: ad mortem, Cic. Cat. 1, 1, 1; Nep. Phoc. 4, 3; and absol.: ducite, ubi capiat, etc., Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 65; Sen. de Ira, 1, 16, 14; Suet. Calig. 27; Plin. Ep. 10, 97, 3 al.: NI. IVDICATVM. FACIT. AVT. QVIS. ENDO. EM. IVRE. VINDICIT. SECVM. DVCITO. VINCITO, etc., XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1, 45: decreta ejus modi: SI PETIT DUCAS. C. Fuficium duci jussit petitorem, to be imprisoned, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 12, § 31; so of a debtor (addictus) who is led off as a slave, Novat. ap. Cic. de Or. 2, 63, 255; Plaut. Bacch. 5, 2, 87; Cic. Fl. 20 fin.; Liv. 6, 14 sq.; cf. id. 2, 23 med.; cf. prov.: stultitiast venatum ducere invitas canes, Plaut. Stich. 1, 2, 83. —
   4    Uxorem, to lead a wife home, i. e. to marry: bona uxor si ea deducta est, etc. ... Verum egon eam ducam domum, Quae, etc.? Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 91: uxorem domum, id. Aul. 2, 1, 40; Ter. Ph. 2, 1, 68: filiam Orgetorigis in matrimonium, Caes. B. G. 1, 9, 3; cf. Liv. 4, 4: eum uxorem ducturum esse aliam, Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 105: uxorem (or aliquam, filiam alicujus, etc.), id. Aul. 2, 1, 48; id. Cas. prol. 69 et saep.; Ter. And. 1, 1, 128; 2, 1, 21 et saep.; Cic. Sest. 3; Caes. B. G. 1, 53, 4; id. B. C. 3, 110, 2; Verg. E. 8, 29; Vulg. Marc. 10, 11 et saep.—Absol.: si tu negaris ducere, Ter. And. 2, 3, 5; 2, 3, 9; id. Phorm. 2, 3, 76; Liv. 4, 4 al.: jugum ducere cum infidelibus, i. e. to be yoked in marriage, Vulg. 2 Cor. 6, 14.—Rarely for nubere: si ignorans statum Erotis ut liberum duxisti, isque postea servus est judicatus, etc., Imp. Antonin. ap. Cod. Just. 5, 18, 3.—In the comic poets, of taking home prostitutes, Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 35; 4, 2, 44; id. Men. 1, 2, 15; id. Stich. 5, 4, 48; id. Truc. 3, 2, 10 et saep.—
   5    In milit. lang.
   a Said of a commander, to lead, to cause to move, to march his army in any direction: locis apertis exercitum ducere, Caes. B. G. 1, 41, 4; cf. id. B. C. 1, 64 fin.; 1, 68, 1: exercitum ab Allobrogibus in Segusianos, id. B. G. 1, 10 fin.: exercitum in fines Suessionum, id. ib. 2, 12, 1; cf. id. ib. 4, 38, 3; 5, 18, 1: exercitum (legiones, etc.) in Bellovacos, id. ib. 2, 13, 1; 5, 24, 2 et saep.; cf. Tac. A. 2, 57: cohortes ad eam partem munitionum, quae, etc., Caes. B. C. 3, 62, 2: exercitum Uticam, id. ib. 2, 26, 1: reliquas copias contra Labienum, id. B. G. 7, 61 fin. et saep.—In pass., of the soldiers, to march, move: quam in partem aut quo consilio ducerentur, Caes. B. G. 1, 40, 2.—And in act., absol., of the general himself, to march, move (a favorite expression of Liv.; not in Caes. or Sall.): (Mettus) ducit, quam proxime ad hostem potest, Liv. 1, 23; 1, 27; 9, 35; 22, 18 et saep.—Hence,
   b In gen., to lead, command an army or (more freq.) a division: qua in legatione duxit exercitum, Cic. Mur. 9, 20; so, exercitum, Nep. Eum. 13, 1; id. Epam. 7, 3: qui superiore anno primum pilum duxerat, Caes. B. G. 5, 35, 6; 6, 38, 1; id. B. C. 3, 91, 1: ordinem, id. ib. 1, 13, 4; 3, 104, 3; Suet. Vesp. 1: partem exercitūs, Sall. J. 55, 4 et saep.—Rarely, to lead a division in front, in advance: consuetudine sua Caesar sex legiones expeditas ducebat: post eas ... inde, etc., Caes. B. G. 2, 19, 2; hence also, to march in front, take the lead, said of the division that forms the van: pars equitum et auxiliariae cohortes ducebant, mox prima legio, etc., Tac. A. 1, 51; cf. id. ib. 1, 64 fin.—
   (b)    Transf. beyond the milit. sphere, to lead, to be leader, head, chief, first in any thing: accedit etiam, quod familiam ducit, Cic. Fam. 7, 5 fin. Manut.; so, familiam, id. Phil. 5, 11, 30; id. Fin. 4, 16, 45: ordines, id. Phil. 1, 8, 20: classem (discipulorum), Quint. 1, 2, 24 Spald.: funus, Hor. Epod. 8, 12: toros, Ov. F. 6, 668 et saep.—
   c To conduct as prisoners in a triumph: per triumphum, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 26, § 67: in triumpho, Plin. 7, 43, 45, § 139, v. triumphus.—
   6    With the accessory idea of creation, formation, to produce, form, construct, make, fashion, shape, dispose (cf.: struo, pono, condo, fundo): parietem per vestibulum alicujus, to erect, Cic. Mil. 27 fin.; cf. muros, Hor. C. 4, 6, 23: vallum ex castris ad aquam, Caes. B. C. 1, 73, 2: fossam, id. B. G. 7, 72, 1; 7, 73, 2: arcum, Ov. M. 3, 160: lateres de terra, Vitr. 2, 3: vivos vultus de marmore (with excudere spirantia aera), Verg. A. 6, 849; cf. id. ib. 7, 634; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 240; Varr. ap. Non. 283, 32; Plin. 7, 37, 38, § 125; Quint. 10, 3, 18 Spald.; Juv. 7, 237; hence, poet. also: epos, Hor. S. 1, 10, 44: carmen, Ov. Tr. 1, 11, 18; 3, 14, 32: versus, id. ib. 5, 12, 63 et saep.: liniam ex colore, Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 81; Quint. 2, 6, 2; cf. orbem, id. 11, 3, 118: alvum, to bring forth by clysters, Cels. 2, 12; 4, 4 et saep.: alapam alicui, qs. to fetch one a box on the ear, Phaedr. 5, 3, 2; cf. colaphum, Quint. 6, 3, 83 Spald.: pugnum, Dig. 47, 10, 4 et saep.; so esp. of processions, dances, etc.: funus, Cic. Quint. 15 fin.; Ov. M. 14, 746; Verg. G. 4, 256; cf. exsequias, Plin. 8, 42, 64, § 154: pompam, Ov. H. 12, 152; id. F. 6, 405; id. M. 13, 699: choros, Tib. 2, 1, 56; Hor. C. 1, 4, 5; 4, 7, 6 et saep.; cf. choreas, Ov. M. 8, 582; 14, 520.—
   7    To receive, admit, take any thing (not ante-Aug.): cicatricem, Ov. Tr. 3, 11, 66; Liv. 29, 32, 12: rimam, Ov. M. 4, 65: situm, to grow rusty, Quint. 1, 2, 18: formam, Ov. M. 1, 402: colorem, id. ib. 3, 485; cf. pallorem, to grow pale, id. ib. 8, 760: nomina, Hor. C. 3, 27, 76: notam, id. ib. 4, 2, 59 et saep.
II Trop.
   A In gen., to lead, guide, draw, conduct: progredimur quo ducit quemque voluntas, Lucr. 2, 258; cf. Hor. Ep. 1, 3, 27; 1, 6, 57: ad strepitum citharae cessatum ducere curam, id. ib. 1, 2, 31: Liber vota bonos ducit ad exitus, id. C. 4, 8, 34; cf. Quint. 12, 1, 26: per quaedam parva sane ducant (futurum oratorem), id. 1, 10, 5; cf. id. 1, 1, 27; 1, 5, 58.—Prov.: ducunt volentem fata, nolentem trahunt, Sen. Ep. 107.—
   B In partic.
   1    To draw, deduce, derive its origin or beginning from, any thing: ab aliqua re totius vitae ducere exordium, Cic. Fin. 5, 7, 18; cf.: exordium a nostra persona, Quint. 3, 8, 8; 4, 1, 7: principium disputationis a principe investigandae veritatis, Cic. N. D. 2, 21 fin.: belli initium a fame, id. Att. 9, 9, 2; cf. Quint. 1, 1, 21: initia causasque omnium ex quatuor temporum mutationibus, Cic. N. D. 2, 19, 49: originem ab Isocrate, Quint. 2, 15, 4; 1, 6, 38; Hor. C. 3, 17, 5 al.: ingressionem non ex oratoriis disputationibus, sed, etc., Cic. Or. 3, 11: honestum ab iis rebus, id. Off. 1, 18, 60; id. Or. 39, 135: nomen ex quo, id. Ac. 11, 41; cf.: nomen a Graeco, Quint. 1, 6, 3; 3, 7, 1; Hor. S. 2, 1, 66 et saep.; cf. also: utrumque (sc. amor et amicitia) ductum (al. dictum) est ab amando, Cic. Lael. 27; id. Fin. 2, 24, 78.—
   2    To lead a person, as regards his will or opinions, in any direction; to move, incite, induce, allure, in a good or bad sense (most freq. in the pass.): ita me ad credendum tua ducit oratio, Cic. Tusc. 2, 18: nos ducit scholarum consuetudo, Quint. 4, 2, 28; 5, 11, 19; cf. id. 9, 1, 21: ducit te species, Hor. S. 2, 2, 35 et saep.: declamatores quosdam perversa ducit ambitio, ut, etc., Quint. 10, 7, 21.—In the pass.: si quis statuarum honore aut gloria ducitur, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 58 fin.: eloquentiae laude, id. Or. 32, 115: quaestu et lucro, id. Tusc. 5, 3, 9: hoc errore ut, etc., id. Off. 1, 41; cf.: litteris eorum et urbanitate, ut, etc., id. Rosc. Am. 41, 120: omnes trahimur et ducimur ad cognitionis et scientiae cupiditatem, id. Off. 1, 6 et saep.—
   b In a bad sense, to cheat, deceive, Plaut. Most. 3, 2, 26; id. Capt. 4, 2, 7; Ter. And. 4, 1, 20; id. Ph. 3, 2, 15; Prop. 2, 17, 1 (3, 8, 1 M.); Ov. H. 19, 13; id. M. 3, 587 (with decipere).—
   3    With regard to time, to draw out, extend, protract, prolong: bellum, Caes. B. G. 1, 38, 4; id. B. C. 2, 18, 6; 2, 37, 5 sq.; Cic. Fam. 7, 3, 2; Liv. 22, 25 et saep.; cf.: bellum longius, Caes. B. C. 1, 64, 2; 3, 42, 3: bellum in hiemem, id. ib. 1, 61, 3: eam rem longius, id. B. G. 7, 11, 4; cf.: rem prope in noctem, id. B. C. 3, 51, 7: rem leniter, Liv. 3, 41 et saep. Also transf., of time itself: tempus, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 11; Nep. Them. 7: diem ex die, Caes. B. G. 1, 16, 4; and of persons who are put off, delayed: ubi se diutius duci intellexit, id. ib. 1, 16, 5.—Less freq. (mostly poet.),
   b In gen., of time, to pass, spend, enjoy: aetatem in litteris, Cic. Fin. 5, 19, 50; so, aetatem, Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 202: vitam, id. Epod. 17, 63; Sen. Ep. 45, 10; cf. Verg. A. 2, 641 (where, shortly before, vitam producere): noctes, Prop. 1, 11, 5; Plin. Ep. 6, 31, 13: somnos, Verg. A. 4, 560.—
   4    In mercant. lang., to calculate, compute, reckon: age nunc summam sumptus duc, Lucil. ap. Non. 283, 30: minimum ut sequamur, quoniam XC. medimnūm milia duximus, accedant eo, etc., Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 49; id. Att. 6, 1, 5 and 16; 6, 2, 7; Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 11; Gell. 1, 20, 5.—
   b Transf. beyond the mercant. sphere.
   (a)    Rationem alicujus, to consider, calculate, care for one's advantage or interest (a favorite expression of Cicero): duxi meam rationem, quam tibi facile me probaturum arbitrabar, Cic. Att. 8, 11 D, § 7; so, suam quoque rationem, to have respect to one's own advantage, id. Verr. 2, 1, 48; and: non minorem aratorum quam populi rationem, Suet. Aug. 42 fin.: salutis meae rationem, Cic. Fam. 7, 3: rationem officii, non commodi, id. Sest. 10, 23; cf. id. Rosc. Am. 44, 128: unius cujusque temporis ducta ratio est, id. Div. in Caecil. 4, 16: rationem officii atque existimationis, id. Quint. 16, 53.—
   (b)    In gen., to reckon, consider, hold, account, esteem as any thing (cf. aestimo and existimo; very freq. in prose and poetry): parvi id ducebat, Cic. Fin. 2, 8, 24: pro nihilo aliquid, Plaut. Pers. 4, 4, 85; Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 16 fin.; id. Tusc. 5, 32, 90; cf. Auct. Her. 4, 20, 28: ea pro falsis ducit, Sall. C. 3, 2; cf.: innocentiam pro malevolentia, id. ib. 12, 1: vos eritis judices, Laudin' an vitio duci id factum oportuit, Ter. Ad. prol. 5; so, aliquid honori, Sall. J. 11, 3: aliquid laudi, Nep. praef. § 4: aliquem despicatui, Cic. Fl. 27, 65: nihil praeter virtutem in bonis ducere (for which, shortly after, in bonis habere = numerare), Cic. Fin. 3, 3; aliquem in numero hostium, id. Verr. 2, 5, 25 fin.; Caes. B. G. 6, 32, 1; cf. ib. 6, 23, 8; without in, ib. 6, 21, 2; cf.: aliquem loco affinium, Sall. J. 14, 1 Kritz. N. cr.: aliquid testimonii loco, Quint. 5, 9, 10: tutelae nostrae duximus, cum Africo bello urgerentur, Liv. 21, 41; cf.: officii duxit exorare filiae patrem, etc., Suet. Tib. 11: faceret, quod e republica fideque sua duceret, id. ib. 25, 7 et saep.: malum cum amici tuum ducis malum, Plaut. Capt. 1, 2, 48; cf.: Archytas iracundiam seditionem quandam animi vere ducebat, Cic. Rep. 1, 38: eorum, quos idoneos ducebat, consilium habet, Sall. J. 62, 4: nil rectum nisi quod placuit sibi ducunt, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 83.— With acc. and inf.: sic equidem ducebam animo rebarque futurum, Verg. A. 6, 690: ut omnia tua in te posita esse ducas humanosque casus virtute inferiores putes, Cic. Lael. 2, 7, 19 fin.; id. Rep. 1, 2; 1, 17; 1, 38; 3, 9 (three times); Sall. J. 93, 5; Liv. 22, 14, 6; 22, 59, 5; Caes. B. G. 1, 3, 2; 4, 30, 2; 6, 18 et saep.—Here too probably belongs the much disputed passage: ludos et inania honoris medio rationis atque abundantiae duxit (= ludos publicos cum aliis rebus quae ad inania honoris pertinent, duxit, i. e. existimavit habendos et ponendos in medio rationis atque abundantiae, ut inter rationem, quae plane spernit inania, et abundantiam, quae eadem ostentat, media via incederet), he thought right to manage them in a middle course between reason and profusion, Tac. Agr. 6 fin., v. Dübner and Orell. ad h. l.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

dūcō,⁶ dūxī, ductum, ĕre,
    I tirer,
1 tirer hors de : ducto mucrone Virg. En. 12, 378, avec l’épée nue ; vagina ferrum Ov. F. 4, 929, tirer l’épée du fourreau ; sortes Cic. Div. 2, 70, tirer les sorts ; aliquid, aliquem sorte Cic. Div. 1, 34 ; Rep. 1, 50, tirer qqch., qqn au sort
2 attirer, tirer à soi : volucrem laqueo, piscem hamo Ov. H. 19, 13, prendre un oiseau au lacet, un poisson à l’hameçon ; remos Ov. M. 1, 294, manier les rames || colorem Ov. M. 3, 485 ; formam Ov. M. 1, 402, prendre une couleur, une forme ; cicatricem Ov. Tr. 3, 11, 66, se cicatriser ( Liv. 29, 32, 12 ) || [fig.] : duci oratione Cic. Br. 188, être gagné, séduit par un discours ; eloquentiæ laude Cic. Or. 115, être attiré par la gloire de l’éloquence (Verr. 2, 2, 143 ; Tusc. 5, 9)
3 faire rentrer, tirer en dedans de soi : spiritum naribus Varro R. 2, 3, 5, aspirer l’air par le nez ; aerem spiritu Cic. Nat. 2, 18 ; animam spiritu Cic. Nat. 2, 136, respirer l’air || pocula Lesbii Hor. O. 1, 17, 22, déguster (savourer) des coupes de vin de Lesbos (cf. 4, 12, 14 )
4 tirer en long, en large, mener : fossam Cæs. G. 7, 72, 1, mener (tracer) un fossé ; parietem per vestibulum alicujus Cic. Mil. 75, mener un mur à travers le vestibule de qqn, cf. Cæs. C. 1, 73, 2 ; orbem Quint. 11, 3, 118, tracer un cercle || vivos vultus de marmore Virg. En. 6, 847, tirer du marbre des figures vivantes
5 tirer, étirer les fils [filer] : Ov. M. 4, 34 ; 4, 221 ; Catul. 64, 342, etc. || [poét.] composer des vers] : Ov. Tr. 1, 11, 18 ; 3, 14, 32 ; 5, 12, 63 ; Hor. S. 1, 10, 44
6 étirer, étendre : digitulos alicujus Sen. Ep. 66, 53. étirer les doigts de qqn || [fig.] : ætatem in litteris Cic. Fin. 5, 50, passer sa vie dans les lettres ; cf. Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 202 ; Sen. Ep. 45, 10 || prolonger : vitam Virg. En. 2, 641, prolonger sa vie ; somnos Virg. En. 4, 560, prolonger son sommeil ; noctem Plin. Min. Ep. 6, 31, 13, prolonger la nuit || traîner en longueur : bellum Cæs. G. 1, 38, 4, traîner la guerre en longueur ; prope in noctem rem Cæs. C. 3, 51, 6, prolonger une affaire presque jusqu’à la nuit ; tempus Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 31, traîner le temps en longueur ; diem ex die ducere Cæs. G. 1, 16, 4 ; 5, remettre de jour en jour ; aliquem ducere Cæs. G. 1, 16, 5, remettre qqn, l’amuser
7 tirer de travers, contourner, contracter : os Cic. Or. 86, grimacer, cf. Quint. 9, 3, 101 ; Ov. M. 2, 774
8 [fig.] tirer de, faire découler de : [avec ex ] officia quæ ex communitate ducuntur Cic. Off. 1, 153, les devoirs qui découlent de la société, cf. Fin. 2, 78 ; de Or. 2, 321 ; Br. 318, etc.; [avec ab ] officium quod a communitate ducitur Cic. Off. 1, 153, le devoir qui découle de la société ; Janus, quod ab eundo nomen est ductum Cic. Nat. 2, 67, Janus dont le nom vient du verbe ire (aller) ; Penates, sive a penu ducto nomine sive ab eo quod penitus insident Cic. Nat. 2, 68, les Pénates, dont le nom est tiré soit de penus [tout ce qui sert à la nourriture de l’homme] soit du fait qu’ils occupent penitus, le fond des demeures
9 compter : nonaginta medimnum milia duximus Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 116, nous avons compté quatre-vingt-dix mille médimnes, cf. Att. 6, 1, 5 ; 6, 2, 7 ; Varro R. 3, 16, 11 ; rationem ducere, v. ratio ; non duco in hac ratione eos (aratores) quibus... Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 116, je ne compte pas dans ce calcul les agriculteurs à qui... || [d’où] : aliquem in numero hostium Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 64 ; aliquid in bonis Cic. Fin. 3, 10, compter qqn au nombre des ennemis, qqch. parmi les biens ; vos loco affinium Sall. J. 14, 1, vous considérer comme des parents ; innocentia pro malevolentia duci cœpit Sall. C. 12, 1, l’intégrité commença à passer pour de la malveillance ; ne quis modestiam in conscientiam duceret Sall. J. 85, 26, pour éviter qu’on n’interprétât ma réserve comme une reconnaissance tacite de mon indignité || magni, parvi, pluris, pro nihilo, estimer beaucoup, peu, davantage, comme rien : Cic. Fin. 2, 24 ; Tusc. 5, 90 ; Verr. 2, 2, 40, etc. ; aliquem despicatui Cic. Fl. 66, tenir qqn pour méprisable, cf. Sall. J. 11, 3 ; Nep. Præf. 4 || regarder comme, estimer, croire, penser : hoc sibi pulcherrimum ducebant clientium fortunas defendere Cic. Cæcil. 66, ils regardaient comme leur tâche la plus belle de défendre les biens de leurs clients ; se magistrum equitum ducere Liv. 8, 31, se croire le maître de cavalerie ; victorem duci Nep. Ages. 3, 6, passer pour vainqueur ; vectigalia nervos esse rei publicæ semper duximus Cic. Pomp. 17, nous avons toujours cru que les revenus publics sont les nerfs de l’État, cf. Læl. 7 ; 70 ; Rep. 1, 3, etc.; Cæs. G. 1, 3, 2 ; 4, 30, 2, etc.
    II conduire,
1 reliquos obsidum loco secum ducere decreverat Cæs. G. 5, 5, 4, il avait décidé de conduire les autres avec lui (d’emmener les autres) comme otages ; (iter) vix qua singuli carri ducerentur Cæs. G. 1, 6, 1, (chemin) tel que c’est à peine si les chars pouvaient y être conduits un à un ; aquam per fundum alicujus Cic. Q. 3, 1, 4, conduire (faire passer) l’eau sur la propriété de qqn ; non equus impiger curru ducet Achaico victorem Hor. O. 4, 3, 5, un cheval ardent ne le conduira pas victorieux dans l’arène sur un char grec || qua te ducit via Virg. En. 1, 401, par où te conduit le chemin, cf. B. 9, 1 ; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 20 ; Curt. 3, 11, 19 ; Sen. Prov. 6, 7, etc. || se ducere, s’emmener = partir : Pl. Amph. 1042, etc. ; Pollio d. Cic. Fam. 10, 32, 1
2 [t. officiel] : aliquem in carcerem Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 77 ; ad mortem Cic. Cat. 1, 1, conduire qqn en prison, à la mort, cf. Liv. 6, 14, 4 ; Nep. Phoc. 4, 3 || abst] emmener qqn, se saisir de lui, le traîner en prison : Cic. de Or. 2, 255 ; Verr. 2, 2, 31 ; Gell. 20, 1, 45 || in jus, conduire en justice [devant le préteur] : XII T. d. Gell. 20, 1, 45 || abst] duci, être conduit au supplice : Sen. Ira 1, 18, 3 ; 4 ; 5 ; 6.
3 [t. mil.] conduire une armée la mener dans telle ou telle direction : exercitum locis apertis Cæs. G. 1, 41, 4 ; exercitum ab Allobrogibus in Segusianos Cæs. G. 1, 10, 5, conduire l’armée en terrain découvert, du pays des Allobroges chez les Ségusians ; cohortes ad munitiones Cæs. C. 3, 62, 2, diriger les cohortes vers les retranchements || abst, dans Liv.] marcher, se diriger : ducit quam proxime ad hostem potest Liv. 1, 23, 5, il s’avance le plus près possible de l’ennemi, cf. 1, 27, 4 ; 9, 35, 1, etc. || conduire, commander une armée : Cic. Mur. 20 ; Nep. Eum. 13, 1 ; Epam. 7, 3 ; primum pilum Cæs. G. 5, 35, 6, commander la première centurie du premier manipule de la première cohorte ; ordinem Cæs. C. 1, 13, 4, commander une centurie || [qqf.] marcher en tête de : Cæsar sex legiones expeditas ducebat : post eas... Cæs. G. 2, 19, 2, César s’avançait à la tête de six légions armées à la légère ; derrière elles... ; [d’où] familiam ducere, être en tête de la famille = tenir le premier rang : Cic. Fam. 7, 5, 3 ; Fin. 4, 45 ; Phil. 5, 30
4 emmener comme femme chez soi, épouser : uxorem ducere filiam alicujus Cic. Sest. 7, épouser la fille de qqn ; duxit Albini filiam Cic. Sest. 6, il épousa la fille d’Albinus, cf. Cæs. G. 1, 53, 4 ; filiam alicujus in matrimonium Cæs. G. 1, 9, 3, épouser la fille de qqn, cf. Cic. Clu. 190 || abst] ducere ex plebe Liv. 4, 4, 7, prendre femme dans la plèbe
5 [fig.] conduire, mener, diriger : ducere aliquem dictis Ter. Andr. 644 ; promissis Prop. 2, 17, 1, mener (abuser) qqn par de belles paroles, par des promesses [mener par le bout du nez] ; me ad credendum tua ducit oratio Cic. Tusc. 2, 24, tes propos me conduisent à croire, font en moi la conviction ; venio nunc eo, quo me non cupiditas ducit, sed fides Cic. Amer. 83, j’arrive maintenant à un point de discussion où me mènent non pas mes désirs, mais le sentiment de mon devoir, cf. Inv. 2, 166 ; [surtout au pass.] : trahimur omnes studio laudis et optimus quisque maxime gloria ducitur Cic. Arch. 26, nous sommes tous entraînés par le goût de la louange et ce sont les meilleurs qui se laissent surtout guider par la gloire ; nec quemquam hoc errore duci oportet ut... arbitretur Cic. Off. 1, 148, et il ne faut pas que personne se laisse conduire par cette idée erronée qui consiste à croire...
6 conduire, ordonner, régler : alicui funus ducitur Cic. Quinct. 50, on organise à qqn des funérailles, cf. Virg. G. 4, 256 ; Ov. M. 14, 746 ; exsequias Plin. 8, 154, mener des funérailles ; pompam Ov. F. 6, 405, mener une procession ; choros Hor. O. 1, 4, 5, etc., mener des chœurs de danse ; ludos Tac. Agr. 6, organiser des jeux
7 [médec.] ducere alvum Cels. Med. 2, 12, etc., relâcher le ventre, administrer un lavement. impér. arch. duce Pl. Rud. 386, etc. || formes sync. du parf. : duxti Varro Men. 201 ; Catul. 91, 9 ; Prop. 1, 3, 27 ; inf. duxe Varro Men. 329 || inf. prés. pass. ducier Ter. Eun. 572.

Latin > German (Georges)

dūco (altlat. douco), dūxī, ductum, ere (gotisch tihuan = ahd. ziohan = nhd. ziehen), I) ziehen, A) im allg.: frena manu, Ov.: navem per adversas undas (stromaufwärts), Ov.: ferrum per alcis viscera, jmdm. das Schwert durch den Leib stoßen, Sil. – B) insbes.: 1) ziehend weiter bewegen, schleppen, capellam, nachschleppen, Verg.: poet., sidera crinem ducunt, ziehen hinter sich her, Verg. – 2) anziehen, an sich ziehen, a) eig.: magnes ducit ferrum, Prop.: u. so minutum ferrum (Eisenstückchen), quod similes (magnetae) lapides similiter ducunt, dissimiliter dissimiles, Varro LL.: ducere remos, rudern, Ov.: absol. (als t.t. der Kochk.), ziehen, anziehen, cum duxerit, Apic. 4, 141. – dah. prägn., annehmen, bekommen, colorem, sich färben, Verg.: formam, Ov.: cicatricem, Liv.: rimam, Ov. – b) übtr.: α) anziehen = reizen, fesseln, ergötzen, fabellarum auditione ducuntur, Cic.: quos ipsa pericula ducent, Lucan.: ducit uterque color, Prop. – β) hinreißen, verführen, erore duci, Cic. – γ) zu etw. bringen, bewegen, me ad credendum tua ducit oratio, Cic.: caritate patriae ductus, Nep. – 3) einziehen, in sich ziehen, spiritum naribus, Varro: auram bonam floris naribus, Min. Fel.: aëra spiritu, Cic.: frigus ab umbra, Ov.: poet., somnos, schlafen, Verg. – prägn. (wie ελκειν), in vollen Zügen trinken, schlürfen, pocula Lesbii, Hor.: nectaris sucos, Hor.: situlas duas plenas mero, Vopisc. – 4) herausziehen, ferrum vaginā, Ov.: sortes, Cic.: prägn., alqd od. alqm sorte, Cic.: poet., fletum, Gestöhn aus der Brust hervorstoßen, Prop.: verba longā morā, Worte hervorstammeln, Prop. – u. herunterziehen (Ggstz. sursum reducere, wieder heraufziehen), Vitr. 9, 8, 2. – 5) ziehend-, in die Breite verfertigen, -machen, ziehen, bilden, a) eig.: parietem, Cic.: fossam, Caes.: vallum fossamque per tantum spatii, Liv.: vallum ex castris ad aquam, Caes.: fossam longius, weiter ziehen, Plin. ep.: muros, aufführen, erbauen, Verg.: murum interiorem ab nondum capta parte urbis, Liv.: viam aliter duci non posse, Liv.: lineam, Cels.: alia in picturae modum subtilibus lineis ducta, Sen. – ocreas argento, Verg.: alqm ex aere, Plin.: lateres, Ziegel streichen, Vitr.: vivos ducent de marmore vultus, Verg. – alapam, colaphum alci, ziehen (= geben), Phaedr. u. Quint.: orbem, einen Kreis machen, Sen. – 6) Fäden eines Gespinstes ziehen, subtemen ductum inter stamina, durch die Fäden des Aufzugs durchgezogen, Ov.: lanas (beim Krämpeln), Ov.: stamina (beim Spinnen), Tibull. u. Ov.: u. so fila sequentia, Ov.: u. pensa manu, Iuven. – poet. übtr., v. Dichter, carmina, versus, Ov.: epos, Hor. – 7) = producere, ziehen, dehnen, reden, ut muliercula mihi digitulos ducat, Sen. ep. 66, 53. – übtr.: a) hinbringen, zubringen, aetatem in litteris, Cic.: vitam, Verg.: noctem, Prop. – b) hinausziehen, in die Länge ziehen, verzögern, bellum, Cic.: tempus, Cic.: im üblen Sinne, animam, hinschleppen, spiritum, hinschmachten, Liv.: vitam per extrema omnia, hinschleppen, Verg. – prägn., alqm diem ex die, jmd. von Tag zu Tag hinhalten, Caes. b.G. 1, 16, 4. – 8) verziehen, verdrehen, os, Cic. u. Quint. – 9) = deducere, herziehen; nur übtr., a) ableiten, herleiten, hernehmen, genus a Tantalo, Poët. trag. fr.: nomen ex alqa re, Cic.: principium ab alqo, Cic.: originem ab alqo, Hor. – etymologisch, ab eundo nomen (Iani) est ductum, Cic.: quod (nomen) utrumque a Graeco est ductum, Quint.: dic Penates sive a penu ducto nomine, sive ab eo, quod penitus insident, Cic.: alterum (vocabulum) ex Graeco manifestum est duci, alterum ex vocibus avium, Quint. – b) anfangen, ab eodem verbo ducitur saepius oratio, Cic. – 10) rechnen, berechnen, in Rechnung bringen, anschlagen, peraeque, eins ins andere rechnen, Varro: nonaginta medimnûm milia duximus, Cic.: fenus quaternis centesimis, Cic.: non duco in hac ratione eos (oratores), quibus etc., ich rechne hier die nicht mit, die usw., Cic. – dah. a) unter etw. zählen, rechnen, alqm in hostium numero, Caes.: alqm loco affinium, Sall.: alqd in malis, Cic. – b) für etw. halten, achten, schätzen, alqd parvi, gering achten, Cic.: pluris, höher, Cic.: pro nihilo, Cic.: laudi, Nep.: alqm despicatui, für verächtlich halten, verachten, Cic.: in gloria, für rühmlich halten, Plin.: alqm victorem, Nep.: alqm pro hoste, Lact.: u.m. folg. Acc. u. Infin. = dafür halten, der Ansicht sein, daß usw. (vgl. Matthiä Cic. de imp. Pomp. 17. Orelli Cic. Brut. § 298. p. 339 ed. min. u. Cic. Cael. § 78. p. 72 ed. min.), qui se regem esse ducebat, Cic.: illa ficta esse ducimus, Cic.: equidem ego fabulam fictamque rem esse ducebam, Liv.: quae mox usui fore ducebat, Sall.: si vectigalia nervos esse rei publicae semper duximus, Cic. – dah. duci häufig (das allgemeine Urteil auszudrücken) = für etw. gelten, Nep. u.a. – c) rationem ducere, s. rationo. II, B, 1, b.
II) = führen, A) im allg.: 1) eig.: a) v. Pers.: loro (am Riemen) ducere equum, Liv.: alqm ante currum, Liv.: alqm secum hinc extemplo domum, Ter.: alqm ad alqm, Komik.: alqm intro ad alqm, Ter.: alqm secum, mitnehmen, Plaut.: alqm per omnia, Verg.: principes obsidum loco, Caes.: difficile iter, vix quā singuli carri ducerentur, Caes.: m. 1. Supin.: venatum ducere invitas canes (sprichw., unser »den Hund aufs Jagen tragen«), Plaut. Stich. 139. – dah. se ducere, unser »sich drücken, sich wegschieben, sich fort-od. davonmachen« = fortgehen, duc te ab aedibus, Plaut.: se ad regem, Plaut.: se a Gadibus, Asin. Poll. in Cic. ep. – b) v. Lebl.: iter ducit ad urbem, Ov.: quo via ducit, Verg.: duxit via in editum leniter collem, Liv. – 2) übtr.: duci ventre levem, sich leicht leiten lassen, Hor. sat. 2, 7, 38: m. 1. Supin., cessatum ducere curam, einlullen, Hor. sat. 1, 2, 31. – B) insbes.: 1) als publiz. t.t., jmd. vor Gericht, ins Gefängnis, zur Bestrafung (zum Tode usw.) führen, abführen, alqm in ius, Liv.: in carcerem, in vincula, Cic., Liv. u.a.: alqm ad mortem, Cic. u.a.: ad supplicium, Suet. – u. bl. alqm, altes Dekret b. Cic. Verr. 2, 32 (u. dazu die Auslgg.). Liv. 6, 14, 3. Suet. Cal. 27, 1. Plin. ep. 10, 97 (96), 3 (u. dazu Korte): toto itinere non ducitur (wird abgeführt), sed trahitur (wird fortgeschleppt), Sen. contr. 2, 5 (13), 3. – 2) als milit. t.t.: a) (v. Feldherrn) die Truppen wohin führen, marschieren-, rücken lassen, contra (Adv.) aciem, entgegenrücken, Dar. Phryg.: exercitum in fines Suessionum, Caes.: cohortes ad munitiones, Caes.: recto itinere exercitum ad eos, quos etc., Liv. – absol., marschieren, rücken (v. Feldherrn), contra hostes, in Etruriam, Liv. (s. Fabri Liv. 21, 22, 5): ad hostem, Liv. (s. Fabri Liv. 22, 12, 2): u. vorausmarschieren (v. den Soldaten), pars equitum ducebant, Tac. – b) prägn. (v. Anführer), ein Heer, eine Heeresabteilung anführen, befehligen, exercitum, Cic.: ordinem, Zenturio sein, Cic.: primum pilum, Caes. (vgl. Schneider Caes. b.G. 6, 38, 1): dah. übtr., familiam, der (die, das) Vornehmste (Erste) sein, Cic.: classem, der Oberste der Klasse sein, Quint. – 3) uxorem d. domum, eine Gattin heimführen, heiraten, v. Manne, Plaut. u. Ter.: dah. bl. d. uxorem alcis filiam, Cic.: d. in matrimonium alcis filiam, Caes.: u. bl. d. alqam, Ter. u. Cic. (s. Spengel Ter. Andr. 316): coniuges ducunt, sie heiraten, Iustin.: coniuges, quas iuvenes (als Jünglinge, jung) duximus, Curt.: absol., ducere ex plebe, sich eine Frau aus den Plebejern holen, aus den Pl. heiraten, Liv. 4, 4, 7. – 4) jmd. bei der Nase herumführen, anführen, aufziehen, zum besten haben (s. Spengel Ter. Andr. 180), Komik., Prop. u. Ov. – 5) als mediz. t.t., abführen, alvum, klistieren, Cels.: sanguinem, das Blut ableiten, Plin. – 6) als t.t. der Wasserbaukunst, führen, leiten, aquam non longe a villa, Cic.: aquam per fundum alcis, Cic.: aquam in urbem, Liv. – 7) herzuführen, herbeiführen, duc nigras pecudes, Verg.: übtr., ducere soporem, machen, verursachen, Tibull. – 8) mit (sich) nehmen (s. Fritzsche Hor. sat. 1, 6, 101), alqm, Hor.: alqm secum ex Ionia, Nep.: suas mulierculas secum, Cic.: uxorem in convivium, Nep.: in provinciam poëtas, Cic.: Ennium in Aetoliam, Cic.: poet., duxit sua praemia victor, nahm mit sich = bekam, Ov. met. 10, 680. – 9) aufführen, alci funus, ein Leichenbegängnis veranstalten, Cic.: so auch exsequias, Plin.: u. materno cineri pompam, Ov. – choros, Reigen aufführen, tanzen, Hor. – / Archaist. Imperat. duce, Plaut. rud. 386 u.ö. – Synkop. Perf. duxti, Varro sat. Men. 201. Catull. 91, 9. Prop. 1, 3, 27: Infin. duxe, Varro sat. Men. 329. – Parag. Infin. Praes. Pass. ducier, Ter. eun. 572. Afric. Minor bei Macr. sat. 3, 14, 7.

Latin > English

duco ducere, additional forms V :: lead, command; think, consider, regard; prolong
duco duco ducere, duxi, ductus V :: lead, command; think, consider, regard; prolong